Inter-American Court of Human Rights Case of Castillo-Páez v. Peru Judgment of November 3, 1997 (Merits) In the Castillo Páez Case, The Inter-American Court of Human Rights, composed of the following judges (*): Hernán Salgado-Pesantes, President; Antônio A. Cançado Trindade, Vice President; Héctor Fix-Zamudio, Judge; Alejandro Montiel-Argüello, Judge; Máximo Pacheco-Gómez, Judge; and Alirio Abreu-Burelli, Judge; also present: Manuel E. Ventura-Robles, Secretary, and Víctor M. Rodríguez-Rescia, Interim Deputy Secretary, pursuant to Articles 29 and 55 of the Rules of Procedure of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter "the Inter-American Court" or "the Court"), delivers the following judgment in the instant case. I 1. On January 13, 1995, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter "the Commission" or "the Inter-American Commission") submitted to this Court a Case against the Republic of Peru (hereinafter "the State" or "Peru) which originated in petition No. 10.733, received at the Secretariat of the Commission on November 16, 1990. In its petition, the Commission invoked Articles 50 and 51 of the American Convention on Human (*) Judge Oliver Jackman recused himself in this case because he had participated in several stages of the Case during its consideration by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights when he was a member of the Commission.