ORDER OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS OF APRIL 1, 2011 PROVISIONAL MEASURES REGARDING THE UNITED MEXICAN STATES MATTER ALVARADO REYES ET AL. HAVING SEEN: 1. The Orders issued by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Inter-American Court,” “the Court,” or “the Tribunal”) on May 26 and November 26, 2010, in which the Tribunal ordered provisional measures and monitored their execution in this matter. In the latter, the Court ordered, inter alia: 1. To reiterate that the State immediately adopt whatever measures necessary to promptly ascertain the whereabouts of Rocío Irene Alvarado Reyes, Nitza Paola Alvarado Espinoza, and José Ángel Alvarado Herrera, as well as measures for the protection of their lives, right to humane treatment, and personal freedom. 2. To require the State to adopt immediately whatever measures are necessary to protect the lives and right to humane treatment of [the 24 relatives of Rocío Irene Alvarado Reyes, Nitza Paola Alvarado Espinoza and José Ángel Alvarado Herrera]. 3. To require the State to adopt immediately whatever measures are necessary to protect the rights to life and personal integrity of Emilia González Tercero [...]. 4. To reject the request to broaden these provisional measures to the benefit of Patricia Galarza Gándara, Brenda Andazola, Luz Esthela Castro Rodríguez, Oscar Enríquez, Javier Ávila Aguirre, and Francisca Galván [...]. 5. To require the State to undertake all appropriate procedures to ensure that the protective measures contained in this Order are planned and carried out with the participation of the beneficiaries or their representatives and with an aim towards their swift and effective implementation. The State must also keep the beneficiaries or their representatives informed as to progress in their execution. […] 2. The communication dated February 11, 2011, in which the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Inter-American Commission" or "the Commission") informed the Court of new alleged facts of threats toward the beneficiaries, as a result of which "the members of the Alvarado family had left their homes and their jobs and were in hiding." (infra Having Seen 7(d). 3. The note from the Secretariat of February 15, 2011, requesting that the United Mexican States (hereinafter "the State" or "Mexico") submit any information it considered pertinent regarding the new facts alleged by the Commission in its next report on the implementation of these measures (supra Having Seen 2).