Inter-American Court of Human Rights Case of Fermín Ramírez v. Guatemala Judgment of June 20, 2005 (Merits, Reparations and Costs) In the case of Fermín Ramírez, The Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Court”, “the InterAmerican Court”, or “the Tribunal”), composed of the following judges: Sergio García Ramírez, President; Alirio Abreu Burelli, Vice-President; Oliver Jackman, Judge; Antônio A. Cançado Trindade, Judge; Cecilia Medina Quiroga, Judge; Manuel E. Ventura Robles, Judge; Diego García-Sayán, Judge; and Arturo Alfredo Herrador Sandoval, Judge ad hoc; also present, Pablo Saavedra Alessandri, Secretary; and Emilia Segares Rodríguez, Deputy Secretary; pursuant to Articles 62(3) and 63(1) of the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Convention” or “the American Convention”) and Articles 29, 31, 56, and 58 of the Court’s Rules of Procedure (hereinafter “the Rules of Procedure”), delivers the present Judgment. I INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE 1. On September 12, 2004, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Commission” or “the Inter-American Commission”) submitted an application against the State of Guatemala (hereinafter “the State” or “Guatemala”) to the Court, originating from petition No. 12,403, received at the Commission’s Secretariat on June 9, 2000. 2. The Commission submitted the application pursuant to Article 61 of the American Convention, for the Court to decide if the State has violated “its international obligations and therefore, […] incurred in the violation of Articles 4

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