Inter-American Court of Human Rights Case of Plan de Sánchez Massacre v. Guatemala Judgment of April 29, 2004 (Merits) In the case of Plan de Sánchez Massacre, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, composed of the following judges: Sergio García Ramírez, President; Alirio Abreu Burelli, Vice-President; Oliver Jackman, Judge; Antônio A. Cançado Trindade, Judge; Cecilia Medina Quiroga, Judge; Manuel E. Ventura Robles, Judge; Diego García-Sayán, Judge; and Alejandro Sánchez Garrido, Judge ad hoc; also present, Pablo Saavedra Alessandri, Secretary; pursuant to Articles 29, 53, 56, 57 and 58 of the Rules of Procedure of the Court (hereinafter “the Rules of Procedure”), issues the following Judgment. I INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE 1. On July 31, 2002 the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Commission” or “the Inter-American Commission”) filed an application before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Court” or “the Inter-American Court”) against the State of Guatemala (hereinafter “the State” or “Guatemala”), originating in petition No. 11,763, received by the Secretariat of the Commission on October 25, 1996. 2. The Commission filed the application based on Article 51 of the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter “the American Convention” or “the Convention”), with the aim that the Court “find the State of Guatemala internationally responsible for violations of the rights to humane treatment, to judicial protection, to fair trial, to equal treatment, to freedom of conscience and of religion, and to private property, in combination with the obligation to respect rights, all of them enshrined in Articles 5, 8, 25, 24, 12, 21 and 1[(]1) of the American Convention.” In its application, the Commission alleged “denial of justice and other acts of intimidation and discrimination [… to the detriment] of the survivors and the next of kin of the victims of the massacre of 268 persons [...], most of them

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