as long as the members of the Sawhoyamaxa indigenous community do not
have territory, the State must provide them with the goods and basic services necessary
for their subsistence, pursuant to paragraph 230 of the [ … ] judgment.
[within] the six months after the date of notification of the present judgment,
the State must establish in the villages Santa Elisa and Kilometro 16 of the
Sawhoyamaxa community a communications system that will enable the victims to
contact the competent health authorities, in case of emergencies, pursuant to paragraph
232 of the [ … ] judgment.
the State must implement, in a period not to exceed one year as of the date of
notification of the present judgment, a registration and documentation program,
pursuant to paragraph 231 of the [ … ] judgment.
the State must adopt in its domestic legislation, within a reasonable period of
time, the legislative, administrative and of any other type of measure necessary for
creating an effective mechanism for members of the indigenous communities to claim
ancestral territories and make real their rights to their traditional territories, pursuant to
paragraph 235 of the [ … ] judgment.
the State must publish the information as stipulated in paragraph 236 of the
[ … ] judgment, within the period of one year after the date of notification of said. In
addition, the State must finance the radio broadcasting of [the] judgment, pursuant to
paragraph 236 of said.
the Court shall monitor compliance with [the] judgment and will close the
present case once the State has fully met its provisions. Within six months after the date
of notification of [the] judgment, the State must report to the Court on the measures
taken to comply with it, pursuant to paragraph 247 of said.

The report of the State of Paraguay (hereinafter “the State”) of November 21,
2006 and its appendixes, through which it reported that:
the community is receiving regular assistance from the State in regard
of food, through the National Emergency Service, which has delivered to it,
“on a monthly basis[,] a worthy amount of provisions”;
the Ministry of Health “provided health care to [the] inhabitants [of the
community], and also provided them with medication”;
the Ministry of Education and Culture is providing support to the
community school, “providing educational materials such as notebooks, books
and others,” and
the Office of the Governor of Concepción provided “drinking water
during the drought.”
Moreover, the State pointed out that “specific information” would be provided
shortly, in order to complement its report.
The communication from the representatives of the victims (hereinafter “the
representatives”) of January 12, 2007 and its appendixes, received on January 17,
2007, which reported on the death of four members of the Sawhoyamaxa
community, “in the community itself and without having received medical care or, if
they received it, it was provided negligently.” According to the statement of the
representatives, this occurred in the following cases:
Rafael Martínez, 48 years old, died in November 2006. He was
taken by his wife, Marta Alvarenga Aponte, to the health center in the

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