ORDER OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS OF NOVEMBER 19, 1993 PROVISIONAL MEASURES REQUESTED BY THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE MATTER OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARGENTINA REGGIARDO TOLOSA CASE WHEREAS: 1. In a fax dated October 20, 1993, and received at the Secretariat of the InterAmerican Court of Human Rights (hereinafter "the Court") on November 8 of that same year, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter "the Commission" or "the Inter-American Commission") submitted to the Court, pursuant to Articles 63(2) of the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter "the Convention" or "the American Convention") and 24 of the Rules of Procedure of the Court (hereinafter "the Rules of Procedure"), a request for provisional measures in connection with Case 10.959 currently before the Commission. The provisional measures requested relate to "the mental integrity of minors Gonzalo Xavier and Matías Ángel, Argentine citizens," who, according to the petition presented to the Commission on June 23, 1991, by the Grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo, a nongovernmental organization, are the "children of Juan Enrique Reggiardo and María Rosa Ana Tolosa, a married couple who were the victims of a forced disappearance;" 2. The petition was filed with the Commission because the aforementioned minors have not been delivered to their legitimate family and the family demands that they be placed under its care in provisional custody. This demand has not been met to date, a fact that severely endangers the mental integrity of the minors; 3. According to the petition, on February 12, 1987, the National Federal Criminal and Correctional Court of First Instance Nº 2 applied the hemogenetic procedure provided by Law 23.511 establishing the National Genetic Data Bank in order to make an identification and determined that the aforementioned minors, who were born during the illegal detention of their mother, are the offspring of disappearance victims Juan Enrique Reggiardo and María Rosa Ana Tolosa; 4. According to the request for provisional measures, Gonzalo Xavier and Matías Angel were born in April 1977, during the captivity of their mother, and were immediately removed and later registered as the children of Samuel Miara, a former assistant police inspector of the Federal Police, and his wife, Beatriz Alicia Castillo. When the minors reached the age of eleven, they became aware of the fact that the Miara couple were not their real parents. In 1985, they were taken to Paraguay, where they lived, confined to their home, until 1989. That year they were brought back to Argentina "and placed for a period of time with a foster family, pending the results of the immunogenetic tests. Despite evidence as to the true origins of these children, they continue to be held by the persons who abducted them and falsified their real identities;"

Select target paragraph3