F.1 Military criminal jurisdiction........................................................................................................................ 56
F.2 Investigations into the disappeared persons ................................................................................................. 57
F.2.a) Proceedings against the Commander of the Cavalry School .................................................................... 60
F.2.b) Proceedings against members of the COICI ......................................................................................... 61
F.2.c) Proceedings against the Commander of the Army’s 13th Brigade ............................................................. 62
F.2.d) Proceedings against the members of the B-2 of the 13th Brigade ............................................................ 63
F.3 Exhumations ........................................................................................................................................... 64
F.4 Investigation into what happened to Carlos Horacio Urán Rojas ....................................................................... 66
F.5 Investigation into the alleged arbitrary detentions and torture ......................................................................... 68
F.6 Proceedings against the members of the M-19 .............................................................................................. 69
F.7 Current status of the investigations ............................................................................................................. 69
F.8 Disciplinary investigations .......................................................................................................................... 70
F.8.a) Office of the Special Attorney assigned to the Military Forces .................................................................. 70
F.8.b) Office of the Special Attorney assigned to the National Police .................................................................. 71
F.9 Impeachment Committee of the Chamber of Representatives .......................................................................... 71
F.10 Contentious-administrative jurisdiction....................................................................................................... 72
IX FORCED DISAPPEARANCE OF PERSONS: RIGHTS TO PERSONAL LIBERTY, PHYSICAL INTEGRITY,
LIFE AND RECOGNITION OF JURIDICAL PERSONALITY, IN RELATION TO THE OBLIGATION TO RESPECT
RIGHTS ..................................................................................................................................................................... 73
A. The presumed forced disappearance of Carlos Augusto Rodríguez Vera, Irma Franco Pineda, Cristina del Pilar
Guarín Cortés, Gloria Anzola de Lanao, Norma Constanza Esguerra Forero, Bernardo Beltrán Hernández, Héctor
Jaime Beltrán Fuentes, Gloria Stella Lizarazo Figueroa, Luz Mary Portela León, David Suspes Celis, Lucy Amparo
Oviedo Bonilla and Ana Rosa Castiblanco Torres .......................................................................................................... 73
A.1) General arguments of the Commission and of the parties .............................................................................. 73
A.2) General considerations of the Court ........................................................................................................... 75
A.2.a) The classification of the disappeared as suspicious ................................................................................ 79
A.2.b) The failure to register and the separation of the persons considered suspicious ......................................... 83
A.2.c) The transfer of suspects to military facilities where torture and disappearances occurred ............................ 84
A.2.d) The information received by the next of kin that the disappeared had left the Palace alive .......................... 87
A.2.e) The Armed Forces’ denial of the detention of persons from the Palace of Justice ..................................... 91
A.2.f) The alterations of the crime scene and the irregularities in the removal of the corpses ................................ 93
A.2.g) The threats to the next of kin and acquaintances .................................................................................. 93
A.2.h) The identification in videos by family members and acquaintances .......................................................... 94
A.2.i) The possibility that the presumed victims died during the events in the Palace of Justice ............................ 102
A.2.j) The failure to clarify the facts ............................................................................................................ 106
A.3) Determination that forced disappearance occurred ...................................................................................... 108
A.3.a) Norma Constanza Esguerra Forero .................................................................................................... 109
A.3.b) Ana Rosa Castiblanco Torres ............................................................................................................ 112
A.4) Alleged violations of Articles 7, 5(1), 5(2), 4(1) and 3 of the American Convention due to the forced
disappearances ............................................................................................................................................ 113
B. Regarding the presumed disappearance and extrajudicial execution of Carlos Horacio Urán ....................................... 115
B.1) Arguments of the Commission and of the parties ........................................................................................ 115
B.2) Considerations of the Court ..................................................................................................................... 115
B.2.a) Indications of the possible death of Carlos Horacio Urán Rojas inside the Palace of Justice ......................... 116
B.2.b) Indications that Carlos Horacio Urán Rojas left the Palace alive and was detained ..................................... 117
B.2.c) Autopsies performed on the body of Carlos Horacio Urán Rojas .............................................................. 120
B.2.d) Determination of what happened to Carlos Horacio Urán Rojas .............................................................. 123
B.2.e) Alleged violations of Articles 7, 5(1), 5(2), 4(1) and 3 of the American Convention due to the forced
disappearance and subsequent execution of Carlos Horacio Urán Rojas ............................................................ 125
X. RIGHTS TO PERSONAL LIBERTY AND TO PHYSICAL INTEGRITY IN RELATION TO THE OBLIGATION
TO RESPECT AND TO ENSURE RIGHTS .................................................................................................................... 126
A. Arguments of the parties and of the Commission ................................................................................................... 126
B. Considerations of the Court ................................................................................................................................. 128
B.1) Determination of what happened.............................................................................................................. 128
B.1.1) The practice of detention and torture at the time of the events .............................................................. 128
B.1.2) The statements of Orlando Quijano and José Vicente Rubiano Galvis ...................................................... 129
B.1.3) Considerations and determinations of the domestic judicial authorities and the Truth Commission .............. 133

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