Inter-American Court of Human Rights Case of Caballero-Delgado and Santana v. Colombia Judgment of January 21, 1994 (Preliminary Objections) In the case of Caballero Delgado and Santana, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, composed of the following judges: Sonia Picado-Sotela, President Rafael Nieto-Navia, Judge Héctor Fix-Zamudio, Judge Alejandro Montiel-Argüello, Judge Hernán Salgado-Pesantes, Judge Asdrúbal Aguiar-Aranguren, Judge; also present: Manuel E. Ventura-Robles, Secretary, and Ana María Reina, Deputy Secretary in application of Article 31(6) of the Rules of Procedure of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Rules of Procedure”), delivers the following judgment on the preliminary objections interposed by the Government of the Republic of Colombia (hereinafter “the Government” or “Colombia”). I 1. This case was submitted to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Court”) by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Commission”) on December 24, 1992. It originated in a “request for urgent action” sent to the Commission on April 4, 1989 and in a petition (Nº 10.319) against Colombia received at the Secretariat of the Commission on April 5, 1989. 2. In referring the case to the Court, the Commission invoked Articles 50 and 51 of the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Convention” or “the American Convention”) and Article 26 et seq. of the Rules of Procedure. The Commission submitted this case in order that the Court decide whether the Government in question had violated Articles 4 (Right to Life), 5 (Right to Humane Treatment), 7 (Right to Personal Liberty), 8 (Right to a Fair Trial), and 25 (Right to Judicial Protection) in connection with Article 1(1) of the Convention, to the detriment of Isidro Caballero-Delgado and María del Carmen Santana. In addition, the Commission considered that the Government had also violated Article 2 of the Convention by not

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