(hereinafter the IACFDP) to the detriment of the persons who are specified throughout the present report. In
addition, the Commission concluded that it has no evidence in its possession to rule on the alleged violation of
article 7 of the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against
Women (hereinafter the Belém do Pará Convention). Finally, the Commission made its respective
recommendations.
II.

PROCEEDINGS WITH THE COMMISSION

A.

Processing of the case since the Admissibility Report

5.
On June 26, 2011, the Commission received the petition and filed it under number 880-11.
Processing of the case up to the decision taken on its admissibility is explained in detail in Report No. 48/13
of July 12, 2013.4 In that report, the IACHR declared that the petition was admissible in order to examine the
possible violation of rights enshrined in Articles 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 11, 19, and 25 of the American Convention, in
connection with Articles 1.1 and 2 of said instrument; Articles I and XI of the Inter-American Convention on
Forced Disappearance of Persons; as well as Article 7 of the Belém do Pará Convention.
6.
On August 5, 2013, the Commission notified the parties of the Admissibility Report.
Likewise, pursuant to Article 38.2 of its Rules of Procedures, it advised the parties it was at their disposal to
reach a friendly settlement on the matter and requested the petitioners to submit their additional
observations on the merits of the case within four months. On December 6, 2013, the petitioners submitted
their observations on the merits. These observations were forwarded to the Mexican State, which was
requested to submit its additional observations on the merits within the regulatory time-limits of four
months. As for the State, it submitted its observations on the merits on June 6, 2014. Subsequently, the
petitioners submitted briefs on November 3, 2014 and June 9, 2015. The State also submitted briefs on
August 27, 2014, November 7, 2014, July 27, 2015 and April 12, 2016.
B.

Proceedings for precautionary and provisional measures

7.
On January 8, the IACHR received information regarding the disappearance of Nitza Paola
Alvarado Espinoza, Rocío Irene Alvarado Reyes, and José Ángel Alvarado Herrera. On January 12, 2010,
pursuant to the provisions of Article XIV of the Inter-American Convention on Forced Disappearance of
Persons, the Commission urgently requested the Mexican State to provide information on the whereabouts of
Nitza Paola Alvarado Espinoza, Rocío Irene Alvarado Reyes, and José Ángel Alvarado Herrera. The State's
response was received on January 15, 2010.
8.
On March 1st, 2010, the petitioners requested precautionary measures, which were granted
on March 4, 2010 (MC 55-10) in favor of Rocío Irene Alvarado Reyes, Nitza Paola Alvarado Espinoza, and José
Ángel Alvarado Herrera, calling on the Mexican State to inform on their whereabouts, health, and safety. It
also requested a report on the actions undertaken by state authorities to investigate the facts that led to the
adoption of precautionary measures and to secure clarification of the facts. On March 18, 2010 the State
presented its response. On May 13, 2010, the Commission decided to file a request for provisional measures
with the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter the Inter-American Court or the Court). The
Inter-American Court granted provisional measures on May 26, 2010.
9.
Subsequently, the Commission filed requests with the Inter-American Court to extend the
provisional measures for the benefit of the next of kin of the alleged victims and their representatives as a
result of the alleged threats received. The Court has issued five rulings in the present case, calling on the
Mexican State to immediately adopt the measures that are needed to determine the whereabouts of Rocío
Irene Alvarado Reyes, Nitza Paola Alvarado Espinoza, and José Ángel Alvarado Herrera, as well as to protect

4 IACHR, Report No. 48/13, Petition 880-11, Admissibility, Nitza Paola Alvarado Espinoza, Rocío Irene Alvarado Reyes, and
José Ángel Alvarado Herrera, Mexico, July 12, 2013, paras. 5 and 6.

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