Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Case of the Plan de Sánchez Massacre v. Guatemala
Judgment of November 19, 2004

In the Case of the Plan de Sánchez Massacre,
the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Court” or “the InterAmerican Court”), composed of the following judges:
Sergio García Ramírez, President
Alirio Abreu Burelli, Vice President
Oliver Jackman, Judge
Antônio A. Cançado Trindade, Judge
Cecilia Medina Quiroga, Judge
Manuel E. Ventura Robles, Judge
Diego García-Sayán, Judge, and
Alejandro Sánchez Garrido, Judge ad hoc,
also present,
Pablo Saavedra Alessandri, Secretary, and
Emilia Segares Rodríguez, Deputy Secretary,
in accordance with Articles 29, 56, 57 and 58 of the Rules of Procedure of the Court
(hereinafter “the Rules of Procedure”), and Article 63(1) of the American Convention
on Human Rights (hereinafter “the American Convention” or “the Convention”),
delivers this judgment.
On July 31, 2002, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
(hereinafter “the Commission” or “the Inter-American Commission”) filed an
application against the State of Guatemala (hereinafter “the State” or “Guatemala”),
before the Inter-American Court, originating from petition No. 11,763, received by
the Secretariat of the Commission on October 25, 1996.
The Commission submitted the application, based on Article 61 of the
American Convention, for the Court to “declare that the State was internationally
responsible [...] for violations to the rights to humane treatment, judicial protection,
a fair trial, [...] equal protection, freedom of conscience and religion, and [...]
property, in relation to the obligation to respect rights, which are embodied in
Articles 5, 8, 25, 24, 12, 21 and 1[(1)] of the American Convention.” In the

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