Inter-American Court of Human Rights Case of Caballero-Delgado and Santana v. Colombia Judgment of December 8, 1995 (Merits) In the case of Caballero-Delgado and Santana, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, composed of the following judges: Héctor Fix-Zamudio, President Hernán Salgado-Pesantes, Vice President Rafael Nieto-Navia, Judge Alejandro Montiel-Argüello, Judge Máximo Pacheco-Gómez, Judge also present, Manuel E. Ventura-Robles, Secretary, and Ana María Reina, Deputy Secretary pursuant to Article 45(1) of the Rules of Procedure (hereinafter "the Rules of Procedure") of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter "the Court"), delivers the following judgment in the instant case. I 1. On December 24, 1992, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter "the Commission" or the "the Inter-American Commission") submitted to this Court a case against the Republic of Colombia (hereinafter "the Government" or "Colombia"). The case originated on April 4, 1989 in a "request for urgent action" sent on that date to the Commission and in a petition (Nº 10.319) against Colombia received at the Secretariat of the Commission on April 5, 1989. The Inter-American Commission appointed Leo Valladares-Lanza as its Delegate before the Court and Edith Márquez-Rodríguez and Manuel Velasco-Clark as Assistants. Moreover, it named as legal counsel Gustavo Gallón-Giraldo, María Consuelo del Río, Jorge Gómez-Lizarazo, Juan E. Méndez and José Miguel Vivanco.