2 CASE OF LIAKAT ALI ALIBUX V. SURINAM Table of Contents I INTRODUCTION TO THE CASE AND PURPOSE OF THE DISPUTE ..................................................3 II PROCEEDINGS BEFORE THE COURT ..........................................................................................4 III PRELIMINARY OBJECTIONS REGARDING THE LACK OF EXHAUSTION OF DOMESTIC REMEDIES ...................................................................................................................................................5 A. Arguments of the parties and of the Commission ...................................................................... 5 B. Considerations of the Court ................................................................................................... 6 C. Conclusion .......................................................................................................................... 8 IV JURISDICTION ........................................................................................................................8 V EVIDENCE ................................................................................................................................8 A. Documentary, testimonial, and expert evidence ........................................................................ 8 B. Admission of the evidence ..................................................................................................... 9 B.1 Admission of the documentary evidence ................................................................................. 9 B.2 Failure to present the brief of pleadings and motions ............................................................. 10 B.3 Admission of the statements of the alleged victim, expert, and witness .................................... 10 VI FACTS ..................................................................................................................................11 VII MERITS ...............................................................................................................................17 VII-1 THE RIGHT TO FREEDOM FROM EX POST FACTO LAWS .....................................................17 A. Arguments of the parties and of the Commission .................................................................... 17 B. Considerations of the Court ................................................................................................. 19 B.1 Scope of the Right to Freedom from Ex Post Facto Laws ......................................................... 19 B.2 Temporal application of the regulations governing procedure. ................................................. 22 B.3 Application of the IPOHA in the case of Liakat Alibux .............................................................. 24 C. Conclusions ....................................................................................................................... 26 VII-2. RIGHT TO A FAIR TRIAL ..................................................................................................26 A. Arguments of the parties and of the Commission .................................................................... 26 B. Considerations of the Court ................................................................................................. 28 B.1 Scope of Article 8(2)(h) of the Convention............................................................................ 28 B.2 The establishment of jurisdictions different from ordinary criminal courts for the prosecution of high-ranking officials .............................................................................................................. 29 B.3 Regulation of the right to appeal the judgment of high-ranking officials within comparative jurisdictions........................................................................................................................... 30 B.4 The prosecution in a single instance of Mr. Liakat Ali Alibux and the right to appeal the judgment . 33 B.5 The subsequent adoption of a remedy of appeal .................................................................... 34 C. General conclusion ............................................................................................................. 35 VII-3 JUDICIAL PROTECTION ...................................................................................................35 A. Arguments of the parties and Commission ............................................................................. 35 B. Considerations of the Court ................................................................................................. 35 C. Conclusion ........................................................................................................................ 38 VII-4 THE RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT ..........................................................................38 A. Arguments of the parties and of the Commission .................................................................... 38 B. Considerations of the Court ................................................................................................. 39 C. Conclusion ........................................................................................................................ 40 VIII REPARATIONS ...................................................................................................................40 A. Injured Party ..................................................................................................................... 41 B. Request for measures to nullify the criminal proceedings and conviction imposed on Mr. Alibux ..... 41 C. Measures of satisfaction and guarantees of non-repetition ........................................................ 42 C.1 Measures of satisfaction .................................................................................................... 42 C.2 Guarantees of non-repetition .............................................................................................. 42 D. Compensation ................................................................................................................... 43 D.1 Pecuniary damage ............................................................................................................ 43 D.2 Non-pecuniary damage ..................................................................................................... 44 E. Costs and expenses ............................................................................................................ 44 F. Methods of compliance with ordered payments ....................................................................... 46 IX OPERATIVE PARAGRAPHS .....................................................................................................46

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