Inter-American Court of Human Rights Case of Cantoral-Benavides v. Peru Judgment of August 18, 2000 (Merits) In the Cantoral-Benavides Case, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Court” or “the InterAmerican Court” or “the Tribunal), composed of the following judges: Antônio A. Cançado Trindade, President Máximo Pacheco-Gómez, Vice President Hernán Salgado-Pesantes, Judge Oliver Jackman, Judge Alirio Abreu-Burelli, Judge Sergio García-Ramírez, Judge Carlos Vicente de-Roux-Rengifo, Judge, and Fernando Vidal-Ramírez, Judge ad hoc also present: Manuel E. Ventura-Robles, Secretary, and Renzo Pomi, Deputy Secretary pursuant to Articles 29 and 55 of its Rules of Procedure (hereinafter “the Rules of Procedure”), renders the following judgment on the present case. I INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE 1. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Commission” or “the Inter-American Commission”), in filing the application, invoked Articles 50 and 51 of the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter “the American Convention” or “the Convention”) and Article 26 et seq. of the Rules of Procedure then in force.1 In filing said application, the Commission asked the Court to decide whether the State of Peru (hereinafter “the State” or “Peru”) had violated the following Articles of the Convention: 1(1) (Obligation to Respect Rights), 2. (Domestic Legal Effects), 7(1) to 7(6) (Right to Personal Liberty), 5 (Right to Humane Treatment), 8(1), 8(2), 8(2)d), 8(2)f), 8.2.g), 8(3) and 8(4) (Right to a Fair Trial) and 25 (Right to Judicial Protection), and Articles 2 and 8 of the Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture (hereinafter “Inter-American Convention 1 Rules of Procedure approved by the Court at its Twenty-third Regular Session, held January 9 18, 1991; amended on January 25, 1993; July 16, 1993; and December 2, 1995.