INTER - AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS COMISION INTERAMERICANA DE DERECHOS HUMANOS COMISSÃO INTERAMERICANA DE DIREITOS HUMANOS COMMISSION INTERAMÉRICAINE DES DROITS DE L'HOMME ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES WASHINGTON, D.C. 2 0 0 0 6 USA April 13, 2011 Ref.: Case No. 11.618 Oscar Alberto Mohamed Argentina Dear Mr. Secretary: I am writing to you on behalf of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights for the purpose of submitting to the jurisdiction of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights Case No. 11.618, Oscar Alberto Mohamed v. the Republic of Argentina (hereinafter the “State,” “Argentine State” or “Argentina”). The case involves the prosecution and criminal conviction of Oscar Alberto Mohamed for the crime of negligent homicide as a result of a traffic accident that occurred on March 16, 1992. After being acquitted in the first instance, Mr. Mohamed was convicted for the first time in a second instance proceeding. In that proceeding, a series of guarantees were ignored, among them the principle of legality and non-retroactivity and the right to a defense. In addition, given that Mr. Mohamed’s right to appeal the conviction was not guaranteed as provided in the Convention, he additionally did not have an effective remedy for rectifying those violations. The State of Argentina ratified the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter “the American Convention,” “Convention,” or “ACHR”) and accepted the contentious jurisdiction of the Inter-American Court on September 5, 1984. The Commission has appointed Commissioner Luz Patricia Mejía and IACHR Executive Secretary Santiago A. Canton as its delegates. In addition, Elizabeth Abi-Mershed, Assistant Executive Secretary, María Claudia Pulido, Silvia Serrano Guzmán, and Marisol Blanchard will act as legal advisors. Pursuant to Article 35 of the Rules of Procedure of the Inter-America Court, the Commission attaches hereto a copy of Report 173/10 prepared in accordance with Article 50 of the Convention, as well as copy of the entire case file before the Inter-American Commission (Appendix I) and the annexes used in preparing Report 173/10 (Annexes). The State of Argentina was informed of said report on the merits in a communication dated December 13, 2010, in which it was granted a period of two months to report on its compliance with the recommendations. In response to the State’s request for an extension to submit that information, the IACHR granted a one-month extension in a decision adopted on March 9, 2011. On April 1, 2011 the State submitted a report presenting information on some recommendations. Pablo Saavedra Alessandri, Secretary Inter-American Court of Human Rights Apartado 6906-1000 San José, Costa Rica Annexes

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