ORDER OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS OF MAY 17, 2010 XIMENES LOPES V. BRAZIL MONITORING COMPLIANCE WITH JUDGMENT HAVING SEEN: 1. The judgment on merits, reparations and costs of July 4, 2006 (hereinafter “the judgment”), delivered by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Inter-American Court” or “the Court”). 2. The Orders on monitoring compliance with judgment of May 2, 2008, and September 21, 2009. In the latter, the Inter-American Court declared that it would maintain open the procedure of monitoring compliance in relation to the operative paragraphs that establish the State’s obligation to: a) Guarantee, within a reasonable time, that the domestic proceedings to investigate and, if appropriate, punish those responsible for the facts of this case are effective (sixth operative paragraph of the judgment), and b) Continue implementing an education and training program for the medical, psychiatric, psychological, nursing, and nursing auxiliary personnel and for all those persons connected with the provision of mental health care, in particular, with regard to the principles that should govern the treatment of individuals with mental disabilities, in accordance with the international standards in this regard and those established in the judgment (eighth operative paragraph of the judgment). 3. The brief of January 29, 2010, and its attachment, in which the Federative Republic of Brazil (hereinafter “the State” or “Brazil”) provided information on the measures of reparation that remained pending. 4. The briefs of September 22, 2009, and April 1, 2010, and their respective attachments in with the representatives of the victim and his next of kin (hereinafter “the representatives”) presented additional information on the case and submitted their observations on the report presented by the State, respectively. 5. The brief of May 11, 2010, in which the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Inter-American Commission” or “the Commission”) presented its observations on the State’s report and the observations of the representatives. CONSIDERING THAT: 1. One of the inherent attributes of the jurisdictional functions of the Court is to monitor compliance with its decisions. 2. Brazil has been a State Party to the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter “the American Convention” or “the Convention”) since September 25, 1992, and, pursuant to its Article 62, accepted the compulsory jurisdiction of the Court on December 10, 1998.