Inter-American Court of Human Rights Case of the Miguel Castro-Castro Prison v. Peru Judgment of November 25, 2006 (Merits, Reparations and Costs) In the case of the Miguel Castro Castro Prison, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Inter-American Court”, “the Court”, or “the Tribunal”), composed of the following judges∗: Sergio García Ramírez, President; Alirio Abreu Burelli, Vice-President; Antônio A. Cançado Trindade, Judge; Cecilia Medina Quiroga, Judge; and Manuel E. Ventura Robles, Judge, also present, Pablo Saavedra Alessandri, Secretary, and Emilia Segares Rodríguez, Deputy Secretary; pursuant to Articles 62(3) and 63(1) of the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter “the American Convention” or “the Convention”) and Articles 29, 31, 53(2), 55, 56, and 58 of the Court’s Rules of Procedure (hereinafter “the Rules of Procedure”), delivers the present Judgment. I INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE 1. On September 9, 2004, pursuant to that stated in Articles 50 and 61 of the American Convention, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Commission” or “the Inter-American Commission”) submitted an application against the State of Peru (hereinafter “the State” or “Peru”) to the Court. Said application originated from petitions No. 11,015 and 11,769, received at the Commission’s Secretariat on May 18, 1992 and June 5, 1997, respectively. * The Judge Diego García-Sayán excused himself from hearing the present case (infra paras. 91 and 92). Likewise, the Judge Oliver Jackman did not participate in the deliberation and signing of the present Judgment, since he informed the Court that, due to reasons of force majeure, he could not participate in the LXXII Regular Session of the Tribunal.