REPORT No. 6/14
CASE 12,788
MERITS
RESIDENTS OF THE VILLAGE OF CHICHUPAC AND NEIGHBORING COMMUNITIES,
MUNICIPALITY OF RABINAL
GUATEMALA
April 2nd, 2014

I.

SUMMARY

1.
On December 13, 2007 the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter
the "Inter-American Commission", "Commission" or "IACHR") received a petition filed by the Asociación
Bufete Jurídico Popular (hereinafter "the petitioners") in which it alleged that the Republic of Guatemala
(hereinafter “the State”, the “Guatemalan State” or “Guatemala”) is internationally responsible for the
human rights violations committed in a series of events between 1981 and 1986 against Maya Achí
indigenous persons of the village of Chichupac and neighboring communities (Xeabaj, Chijom, Coyojá, El
Tablón, Toloxcoc and El Apazote), in the municipality of Rabinal.
2.
According to the petitioners, in furtherance of a specific policy of the State, the
Guatemalan Army and its collaborators perpetrated a massacre in the village of Chichupac on January 8,
1982, in which 32 persons were tortured and murdered. In the period between August 1981 and 1986,
they committed other deeds involving extrajudicial executions, torture, forced disappearances, rapes,
failures to render aid and assistance, unlawful arrests and forced labor, to the detriment of 54 villagers
of Chichupac and neighboring communities.
3.
The State did not contest the petitioners’ allegations. In its early communications, it
argued that because the complaint involved multiple cases, it should not be addressed as a single case.
Later, the State acknowledged its international responsibility “for the violations alleged and
substantiated by the petitioners, for the period between the time the violations were committed and up
to the present day and with respect to those victims who have been fully identified and the violation of
whose rights has been proven in cases brought before the institutions of national justice, and with
respect to the identified victims documented in the Report of the Commission for Historical
Clarification.”
4.
After examining the available information, the Commission concludes that the State is
responsible for violation of the rights protected under articles 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 16, 17, 19, 21, 22,
23, 24 and 25 of the American Convention, read in conjunction with the obligations set forth in Article
1(1) thereof, and Article I of the Inter-American Convention on Forced Disappearance of Persons, and
Article 7 of the Convention of Belém do Pará, to the detriment of the persons listed in each section of
this report.
II.

PROCESSING WITH THE COMMISSION SUBSEQUENT TO APPROVAL OF ADMISSIBILITY
REPORT No. 144/10

5.
The petition was received on December 13, 2007. A detailed account of the processing
of the petition up to the date of the admissibility decision appears in the admissibility report issued by

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