Inter-American Court of Human Rights Case of Blake v. Guatemala Judgment of January 24, 1998 (Merits) In the Blake Case, The Inter-American Court of Human Rights, composed of the following judges: Hernán Salgado-Pesantes, President Antônio A. Cançado Trindade, Vice President Héctor Fix-Zamudio, Judge Alejandro Montiel-Argüello, Judge Máximo Pacheco-Gómez, Judge Oliver Jackman, Judge Alirio Abreu-Burelli, Judge, and Alfonso Novales-Aguirre, Judge ad hoc; also present, Manuel E. Ventura-Robles, Secretary Víctor M. Rodríguez-Rescia, Interim Deputy Secretary, pursuant to Articles 29 and 55 of the Rules of Procedure of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter "the Court" or "the Inter-American Court"), renders the following judgment in the instant case. I INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE 1. On August 3, 1995, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter "the Commission" or "the Inter-American Commission") submitted to the Court a case against the Republic of Guatemala (hereinafter "the State" or "Guatemala") which originated in petition No. 11.219 lodged with the Secretariat of the Commission on November 18, 1993. The Commission invoked Articles 50 and 51 of the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter "the Convention" or "the American Convention") and Article 26 et seq. of the Rules of the Procedure of the Court then in force.1 The Commission submitted this case for the Court to decide whether the State had violated the following articles of the Convention: 4 (Right to Life), 7 (Right to Personal Liberty), 8 (Right to a Fair 1 Rules of Procedure of the Court approved at its XXIII regular session held from January 9 to 18, 1991; amended on January 25, 1993 and July 16, 1993.