ORDER OF THE
INTER-AMERICAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS
OF FEBRUARY 13, 2013
REQUEST FOR PROVISIONAL MEASURES
MATTER OF CASTRO RODRÍGUEZ
The brief of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter
“the Inter-American Commission” or “the Commission”) of November 30, 2012, in
which it submitted a request for provisional measures to the Inter-American Court of
Human Rights (hereinafter the Inter-American Court,” or the “Court”), pursuant to
Article 63(2) of the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter “the American
Convention” or “the Convention”) and Article 27 of the Court’s Rules of Procedure 1
(hereinafter “the Rules of Procedure”), for the purpose of requiring the United Mexican
States (hereinafter “Mexico” or “the State”) to protect the life and personal integrity of
Mrs. Luz Estela Castro Rodríguez.
The Order of the Inter-American Court of November 26, 2010, in the Matter of
Alvarado Reyes et al. regarding Mexico, in which it decided to: “[r]eject the request to
extend the instant provisional measures in favor of […] Luz Estela Castro Rodríguez,
[…] under the terms of Considering paragraphs 58 to 66 of this Order.”
The facts on which the request for provisional measures submitted by the
Commission is based, regarding the current situation of human rights defenders in the
State of Chihuahua, namely:
according to a study carried out by the Office of the United Nations High
Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), Chihuahua ranks in first place in
reports of attacks committed against human rights defenders 2;
several human rights organizations have denounced statements made by
the State Governor which discredit the work of organizations that defend
human rights and, consequently, sending a message of harassment and
in this context of efforts to discredit human rights defenders, and in the
absence of specific measures of protection, the attacks faced by human rights
defenders, particularly women, in the State of Chihuahua, there is an intense
Judge Eduardo Ferrer Mac-Gregor Poisot, a Mexican national, did not participate in the discussion of
this request for provisional measures, pursuant to Articles 19(2) of the Court’s Statute and 19 of its Rules of
Procedure. Also, Judge Alberto Pérez Pérez informed the Court that, for reasons of force majeure, he was
unable to be present in the deliberation and signing of this Order.
Rules approved by the Court during its Eighty-fifth Regular Period of Sessions held on November 16
to 28, 2009.
OHCHR, Report on the Situation Human Rights defenders in Mexico, Update 2010, page 11.
Available at: http://www.hchr.org.mx/Documentos%5CLibros%5C2010%5CL241110B.pdf.