TABLE OF CONTENTS
I INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE AND PURPOSE OF THE DISPUTE ......................................................................... 4
II PROCEEDINGS BEFORE THE COURT ................................................................................................................. 6
III COMPETENCE ................................................................................................................................................. 8
IV PRELIMINARY OBJECTIONS ............................................................................................................................ 8
A.
Preliminary objection of alleged failure to comply with the six-month period for lodging the initial
petition ............................................................................................................................................................ 8
A.1. Arguments of the parties and of the Commission ......................................................................................... 8
A.2. Considerations of the Court ...................................................................................................................... 10
B.
Preliminary objection of alleged lack of competence ratione temporis of the Inter-American Court in
relation to the Inter-American Convention on Forced Disappearance of Persons .......................................... 112
B.1. Arguments of the parties and of the Commission ...................................................................................... 112
B.2. Considerations of the Court ...................................................................................................................... 13
V EVIDENCE ........................................................................................................................................................ 15
A.
Documentary, testimonial and expert evidence ......................................................................................16
B.
Admission of the evidence................................................................................................................... 16
B.1. Admission of the documentary evidence..................................................................................................... 16
B.2. Admission of the testimony and the expert opinions ....................................................................................19
VI FACTS .......................................................................................................................................................... 200
A.
Context ....................................................................................................... ¡Error! Marcador no definido.0
The gross human rights violations in the province of Cajatambo during the internal armed conflict .... 222
B.
C.
The Palmira Plan of Operations ................................................................... 2¡Error! Marcador no definido.
D.
The facts of this case .................................................................................. ¡Error! Marcador no definido.3
E.
Judicial proceedings relating to the disappearance of Jeremías Osorio Rivera...................................... 298
E.1. The criminal proceeding opened in the Provincial Prosecution Service for Civil and Criminal Matters and the
Cajatambo Investigating Court (file No. 24-91) ............................................................................................... 298
E.2. The criminal proceeding opened in the military jurisdiction (file No. 859-92)...................................................31
E.3. The amnesty laws ................................................................................................................................... 33
E.4. The criminal proceeding opened in the special jurisdiction ............................................................................34
VII MERITS......................................................................................................................................................... 36
VII-1 RIGHTS TO PERSONAL LIBERTY, PERSONAL INTEGRITY, LIFE, AND JURIDICAL PERSONALITY, IN
RELATION TO THE OBLIGATION TO RESPECT AND ENSURE THE RIGHTS, AND TO THE OBLIGATIONS UNDER
ARTICLE I OF THE INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON FORCED DISAPPEARANCE OF PERSONS, TO THE
DETRIMENT OF JEREMÍAS OSORIO RIVERA ........................................................................................................ 37
A.
Determination of the existence of the alleged enforced disappearance ..................................................37
A.1.
Arguments of the parties and of the Commission ................................................................................37
A.2.
Considerations of the Court.............................................................................................................. 40
B.
Violations of Articles 7, 5(1), 5(2), 4(1) and 3 of the American Convention and I(a) of the InterAmerican Convention on Forced Disappearance of Persons ............................................................................57
B.1.
Arguments of the parties and of the Commission ................................................................................57
B.2.
Considerations of the Court.............................................................................................................. 59
VII-2 RIGHTS TO JUDICIAL GUARANTEES AND TO JUDICIAL PROTECTION, IN RELATION TO THE OBLIGATION
TO RESPECT AND ENSURE THE RIGHTS AND THE OBLIGATION TO ADOPT PROVISIONS OF DOMESTC LAW, AS
WELL AS TO THE OBLIGATIONS CONTAINED IN ARTICLES I AND III OF THE INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON
FORCED DISAPPEARANCE OF PERSONS, TO THE DETRIMENT OF JEREMÍAS OSORIO RIVERA AND OF HIS FAMILY
MEMBERS ........................................................................................................................................................... 61
A.
Arguments of the parties and of the Commission ....................................................................................61
B.
Considerations of the Court..................................................................................................................... 64
B.1. Obligation to investigate in cases of enforced disappearance ........................................................................64
B.2. Lack of due diligence in the criminal investigations ......................................................................................66
B.3. Reasonable time ..................................................................................................................................... 71
B.4. Failure to define the crime of enforced disappearance appropriately ............................................................ 774
B.5. The amnesty laws ................................................................................................................................... 76
C.
Conclusion .............................................................................................................................................. 77
VII-3 RIGHT TO PERSONAL INTEGRITY, IN RELATION TO THE OBLIGATION TO RESPECT AND ENSURE THE
RIGHTS, TO THE DETRIMENT OF THE MEMBERS OF JEREMÍAS OSORIO RIVERA'S FAMILY .................................78
A.
Arguments of the parties and of the Commission ....................................................................................78
B.
Considerations of the Court..................................................................................................................... 79
VIII REPARATIONS (APPLICATION OF ARTICLE 63(1) OF THE AMERICAN CONVENTION) .................................82
A.
Injured party....................................................................................................................................... 83

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