REPORT No. 101/09
PETITION 1184-04
October 29, 2009


On November 5, 2004, Steven Edward Hendrix, a United States
citizen (hereinafter "the petitioner" and/or "the alleged victim"), lodged a petition on
his own behalf with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter
"the Commission," "the Inter-American Commission" or "the IACHR") against the
Republic of Guatemala (hereinafter "the State" or "the Guatemalan State") for having
prevented him from exercising the profession of notary, even though he held the
corresponding degree from a Guatemalan university, because he was not a
Guatemalan citizen.
The petitioner claims that the Guatemalan State incurred
international responsibility by violating the rights established in Articles 26
(progressive development of economic, social, and cultural rights) as they relate to
Articles 6 and 7 of the Protocol of San Salvador and the right to work; 20 (right to a
nationality), and 24 (equal protection of the law); all taken in conjunction with
Articles 1.1 and 2 of the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter "the
Convention" or "the American Convention"). Regarding the grounds for admissibility,
he states that he has exhausted the remedies available under domestic law.
The State asks the Commission not to admit the instant case on
the ground that there was no intent on the part of the State to infringe the rights of
Steven Edward Hendrix but only to safeguard the exercise of a government
prerogative arising from the sovereignty of the State. In that regard, the State points
out that it is willing to grant Mr. Hendrix full recognition as a notary if he will comply
with the terms of the Court of Constitutionality and provide proof of acquisition of
Guatemalan citizenship.
In this report, without prejudging the merits of the case, the
Commission finds the petition admissible in accordance with Articles 46 and 47 of the
American Convention. The Inter-American Commission therefore decides to notify
the parties of the decision and to proceed with the analysis of the merits of the alleged
violation of Article 24 of the American Convention, in keeping with the obligation to
respect and ensure the rights and to adopt the national legislative measures
stipulated in Articles 1.1 and 2 of said international instrument. The Commission also
decides to declare inadmissible the claims of alleged infringement of the rights
recognized in Articles 20 and 26 of the American Convention and, finally, to publish
the instant decision and to include it in its Annual Report to the OAS General


On November 5, 2004, the Commission received a petition dated
October 26, 2004, filed by Steven Edward Hendrix on his own behalf, and it assigned
the petition case number 1184-04. On April 13, 2005, the IACHR transmitted the
relevant portions of said petition to the State, requesting it to submit its response
within two months as provided in Article 30.3 of the Rules of Procedure of the InterAmerican Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter "the Rules of Procedure"). The
State's response was received in the communication dated June 13, 2005.

Select target paragraph3