Inter-American Court of Human Rights Case of Benavides-Cevallos v. Ecuador Judgment of June 19, 1998 (Merits, Reparations and Costs) In the Benavides Cevallos case, The Inter-American Court of Human Rights, composed of the following Judges*: Antônio A. Cançado Trindade, President; Hernán Salgado-Pesantes, Judge; Máximo Pacheco-Gómez, Judge; Oliver Jackman, Judge; Alirio Abreu-Burelli, Judge; Sergio García-Ramírez, Judge and Carlos Vicente de Roux-Rengifo, Judge. Also present: Manuel E. Ventura Robles, Secretary and Víctor M. Rodríguez Rescia, Deputy Secretary a.i., pursuant to Articles 55 and 57 of its Rules of Procedure (hereinafter "the Rules of Procedure"), enters the following judgment in the case brought by the InterAmerican Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter "the Commission" or "the InterAmerican Commission") against the Republic of Ecuador (hereinafter "Ecuador" or "the State".) I INTRODUCTION TO THE CASE 1. The Commission filed the application in the instant case with the Court on March 21, 1996, wherein it invoked Articles 50 and 51 of the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter "the Convention" or "the American Convention") and Articles 26 et seq. of the Rules of Procedure in effect at that time1. The Commission * Pursuant to Article 4.3 of the Rules of Procedure, on September 16, 1997, the President of the Court, Judge Hernán Salgado Pesantes, because he is an Ecuadorian national, relinquished the Presidency for this particular case to the Vice President of the Court, Judge Antônio A. Cançado Trindade. 1 Rules of Procedure of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Approved by the Court at its XXIII regular session, held on January 9 through 18, 1991, and amended on January 23, 1993, July 16, 1993, and December 2, 1995.