TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE AND PURPOSE OF THE DISPUTE...................................................................... 4
II. PROCEEDINGS BEFORE THE COURT .............................................................................................................. 5
III. PRELIMINARY OBJECTION .......................................................................................................................... 8
A) Arguments of the Commission and of the parties.............................................................................................. 8
B) Considerations of the Court ........................................................................................................................... 8
IV. PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS ................................................................................................................ 9
A) On the determination of presumed victims in this case...................................................................................... 9
B) On the factual framework of this case .................................................................. ¡Error! Marcador no definido.
C) On the admissibility of certain arguments of the representative ....................................................................... 12
C.1 Admissibility of arguments during the public hearing and in the final written arguments ................................ 12
C.2 Admissibility of certain parts in English of the final written arguments ......................................................... 13
V. COMPETENCE ............................................................................................................................................... 14
VI. EVIDENCE .................................................................................................................................................. 14
A) Documentary, testimonial and expert evidence .............................................................................................. 14
B) Admission of the evidence ........................................................................................................................... 14
B.1 Admission of the documentary evidence .................................................................................................. 14
B.2 Admission of the testimonial and expert evidence ..................................................................................... 17
VII. FACTS....................................................................................................................................................... 16
A) Context: “Political situation and public order in Peru at the time of the facts”..................................................... 18
B) The practice of detentions, torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment at the time of the facts ........¡Error!
Marcador no definido.
C) The counter-terrorism laws in force at the time of the facts .................................... ¡Error! Marcador no definido.
D) Amendments to the counter-terrorism laws .......................................................... ¡Error! Marcador no definido.
E) Proven facts in relation to Ms. J. ................................................................................................................... 24
E.1 Arrest of Ms. J. and searches ................................................................................................................. 25
E.2 Ms. J.’s detention from April 14 to 30, 1992 ............................................................................................. 29
E.3 Criminal proceeding against Ms. J. .......................................................................................................... 30
E.4 Criminal procedure following the 2003 amendments of the counter-terrorism law ......................................... 34
E.5 The departure of Ms. J. from Peru and the extradition process.................................................................... 36
E.6 Publications on the facts of the case in the media ..................................................................................... 38
VIII. RIGHTS TO PERSONAL LIBERTY, TO PROTECTION OF THE HOME, TO JUDICIAL GUARANTEES, AND
PRINCIPLE OF LEGALITY IN RELATION TO THE OBLIGATION TO RESPECT AND GUARANTEE RIGHTS AND TO
ADOPT DOMESTIC LEGAL PROVISIONS ........................................................................................................... 38
A) Rights to personal liberty and to protection of the home.................................................................................. 39
A.1 Initial arrest of the presumed victim, her presentation before a judge, and protection of the home ................. 43
A.1.1) Arguments of the Commission and of the parties .............................................................................. 43
A.1.2) Considerations of the Court ........................................................................................................... 44
A.2 Notification of the reasons for the detention............................................................................................ 47
A.2.1) Arguments of the Commission and of the parties.............................................................................. 47
A.2.2) Considerations of the Court ........................................................................................................... 47
A.3 Failure to register Ms. J.’s detention....................................................................................................... 48
A.4 Preventive detention of the presumed victim between April 30, 1992, and June 18, 1993, as well as its
relationship to the principle of the presumption of innocence ........................................................................... 49
A.4.1) Arguments of the Commission and of the parties.............................................................................. 49
A.4.2) Considerations of the Court ........................................................................................................... 49
A.5 Right to have recourse to a competent judge or court with regard to the legality of her detention .................. 53
A.5.1) Arguments of the Commission and of the parties .............................................................................. 53
A.5.2) Considerations of the Court ........................................................................................................... 54
B) Right to judicial guarantees and the principle of legality .................................................................................544

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