2

I.

INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE AND PURPOSE OF THE APPLICATION

paras. 1-6

II.

PROCEEDINGS BEFORE THE COURT

paras. 7-11

III.

PRELIMINARY OBJECTION OF THE “FOURTH INSTANCE RULE”

paras. 12-22

IV.

JURISDICTION

para. 23

V.

EVIDENCE

para. 24
paras. 25-26
paras. 27-36

1. Witness and Expert Witness Evidence
2. Admission of Documentary Evidence
3. Evaluation of depositions by the alleged victims, witness and expert witness evidence
4. Considerations on the alleged “supervening evidence”
VI.

paras. 37-48
paras. 49-51

PRIOR CONSIDERATIONS

1. Facts that were not included in the Commission's application
2. Alleged contextual facts
VII. RIGHT TO PERSONAL LIBERTY IN RELATION TO THE OBLIGATIONS
TO RESPECT AND GUARANTEE RIGHTS
1. General description of the processes and jurisdictional levels that assessed the facts in the
domestic sphere
1.1. Non-disputed facts related to the arrest of Messrs. Cabrera and Montiel
1.2. Judicial proceeding that led to the conviction of Messrs. Cabrera and Montiel
1.3. Applications for amparo relief filed by Messrs. Cabrera and Montiel against the decision
of the First Unitary Tribunal
1.4. Investigation initiated due to the claims regarding acts of torture against the alleged
victims. Actions of the Military Public Prosecutor’s Office and the National Commission on
Human Rights
2. Alleged violation of the right to personal security
3. Lack of prompt remittance to a judge or other officer authorized by law to exercise judicial
power
4. Alleged lack of information on the reasons for the detention and of notification, without
delay, of the charge or charges filed

paras. 52-60
paras. 61-65

para. 66
paras. 67-68
paras. 69-70
paras. 71-73
paras. 74-76
paras. 77-89
paras. 90-102
paras. 103-106

VIII. RIGHT TO HUMANE TREATMENT [PERSONAL INTEGRITY] IN RELATION TO
THE OBLIGATIONS TO RESPECT AND GUARANTEE RIGHTS AND THE OBLIGATIONS
CONTAINED IN THE INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION TO PREVENT AND PUNISH
TORTURE
1.
Proven Facts

paras. 107-110

1.1

Statements made by the alleged victims

1.2

Medical certificates in the case file

1.3

Expert opinions specifically aimed to verify the alleged acts of torture

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2. Obligation to investigate the alleged acts of torture
3. Legal classification

111-113
114-120
121-125
126-132
133-137

IX. RIGHT TO A FAIR TRIAL [JUDICIAL GUARANTEES] AND RIGHT TO JUDICIAL
PROTECTION, IN RELATION TO THE OBLIGATION TO RESPECT AND GUARANTEE
RIGHTS AND DOMESTIC LEGAL EFFECTS AND THE OBLIGATIONS EMBODIED IN THE
INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION TO PREVENT AND PUNISH TORTURE
A. Criminal proceedings conducted against Messrs. Cabrera and Montiel

paras. 138-151

1. Right to defense

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2. Exclusion of evidence obtained under duress
3. Presumption of innocence principle
B. Criminal proceedings to investigate the alleged torture of Messrs. Cabrera and Montiel
1. Ex oficio investigation before regular courts
2. Military criminal justice jurisdiction
3. Effective judicial remedy in the military criminal justice jurisdiction

152-162
163-177
178-186
187-189
190-193
194-201
202-204

Select target paragraph3