Inter-American Court of Human Rights Case of the Yakye Axa Indigenous Community v. Paraguay Judgment of June 17, 2005 (Merits, Reparations and Costs) In the case of the Yakye Axa Indigenous Community, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Court” or “the InterAmerican Court”), composed of the following judges: Sergio García Ramírez, President; Alirio Abreu Burelli, Vice-President; Oliver Jackman, Judge; Antônio A. Cançado Trindade, Judge; Cecilia Medina Quiroga, Judge; Manuel E. Ventura Robles, Judge; Diego García-Sayán, Judge, and Ramón Fogel Pedroso, Judge ad hoc; also present, Pablo Saavedra Alessandri, Secretary; and Emilia Segares Rodríguez, Deputy Secretary, pursuant to Articles 29, 31, 56, 57 and 58 of the Rules of Procedure of the Court (hereinafter “the Rules of Procedure”)1, and to Articles 63(2) and 63(1) of the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Convention” or “the American Convention”), issues the instant Judgment. I FILING OF THE CASE 1. On March 17, 2003 the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Commission” or “the Inter-American Commission”) filed before the Inter-American Court an application against the State of Paraguay (hereinafter “the State” or “Paraguay”), originating in complaint No. 12.313, received at the Secretariat of the Commission on January 10, 2000. 1 The instant Judgment is issued under the provisions of the Rules of Procedure adopted by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights during its XLIX Regular Session by means of the November 24, 2000 Ruling, which entered into force on June 1, 2001, and to the partial amendment adopted by the Court during its LXI Regular Session by means of the November 25, 2003 Ruling, in force since January 1, 2004.