TABLE OF CONTENTS
I INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE AND PURPOSE OF THE DISPUTE .......................... 5
II PROCEEDINGS BEFORE THE COURT .................................................................. 8
III COMPETENCE ................................................................................................ 12
IV PRELIMINARY OBJECTIONS ........................................................................... 12
A) PRELIMINARY OBJECTION OF FAILURE TO EXHAUST DOMESTIC REMEDIES ...................... 13
A.1. Arguments of the parties and of the Commission ........................................... 13
A.2. Considerations of the Court ........................................................................ 14
B) OBJECTION OF THE COURT’S LACK OF COMPETENCE RATIONE TEMPORIS ........................ 16
B.1. Arguments of the parties and of the Commission ........................................... 16
B.2. Considerations of the Court ........................................................................ 17
C) OBJECTION OF THE COURT’S LACK OF COMPETENCE RATIONE PERSONAE ........................ 19
C.1. Arguments of the parties and the Commission .............................................. 19
C.2. Considerations of the Court ........................................................................ 20
V PRELIMINARY ISSUES ..................................................................................... 21
A) DETERMINATION OF THE PRESUMED VICTIMS .......................................................... 21
A.1. Arguments of the parties and the Commission .............................................. 22
A.2. Considerations of the Court ........................................................................ 26
A.2.1. Persons identified with different names ................................................... 26
A.2.2. Persons whose place of birth could not be determined .............................. 27
A.2.3. Absence of powers of attorney in favor of the representatives ................... 28
A.2.4. Questions raised about identity .............................................................. 29
A.2.5. Persons who will not be considered presumed victims............................... 29
B) THE FACTUAL FRAMEWORK ................................................................................. 31
B.1. Arguments of the parties and the Commission .............................................. 31
B.2. Considerations of the Court ........................................................................ 33
VI EVIDENCE ...................................................................................................... 33
A) DOCUMENTARY, TESTIMONIAL AND EXPERT EVIDENCE............................................... 34
B) ADMISSION OF THE DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE ......................................................... 34
C) ADMISSION OF THE STATEMENTS OF THE PRESUMED VICTIMS AND OF THE TESTIMONIAL AND
EXPERT EVIDENCE ................................................................................................. 45
C.1. Considerations on the statements of the presumed victims ............................. 45
C.2. Considerations on the expert evidence ......................................................... 46
VII FACTS ........................................................................................................... 47
A) CONTEXT ........................................................................................................ 47
A.1. The socio-economic situation of Haitians and those of Haitian descent and the
alleged discriminatory concept held of them ........................................................ 48
A.1.1 The socio-economic situations of Haitians and those of Haitian descent in the
Dominican Republic ....................................................................................... 48
A.1.2. The alleged discriminatory concept in relation to Haitians and those of Haitian
descent in the Dominican Republic .................................................................. 50
A.2. The alleged problem for Haitians and Dominicans of Haitian descent to obtain
official documents ............................................................................................ 52
A.3. The alleged existence of a systematic practice of collective expulsions of Haitians
and Dominicans of Haitian descent ..................................................................... 54
A.4. Pertinent domestic legal framework ............................................................. 58
A.4.1. Laws on Dominican nationality ............................................................... 58
A.4.1.1. Laws in force at the time of the facts ................................................ 58
A.4.1.2. Innovations in legislation and jurisprudence after 2004 ....................... 58
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