Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Case of the Rochela Massacre v. Colombia
Judgment of May 11, 2007
(Merits, Reparations, and Costs)

In the case of the Rochela Massacre,
the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Inter-American Court”, “the
Court” or “the Tribunal”), composed of the following judges:
Sergio García Ramírez, President
Cecilia Medina Quiroga, Vice President
Manuel E. Ventura Robles, Judge
Diego García-Sayán, Judge
Leonardo A. Franco, Judge
Margarette May Macaulay, Judge, and
Rhadys Abreu Blondet, Judge;
also present,
Pablo Saavedra Alessandri, Secretary, and
Emilia Segares Rodríguez, Deputy Secretary;
pursuant to Articles 62(3) and 63(1) of the American Convention on Human Rights
(hereinafter “the American Convention” or “the Convention”) and Articles 29, 31, 53(2), 56
and 58 of the Rules of Procedure of the Court (hereinafter “the Rules of Procedure”),
delivers the following Judgment.
I
INTRODUCTION TO THE CASE AND SUBJECT OF THE DISPUTE
1.
On March 10, 2006, in accordance with the provisions of Articles 50 and 61 of the
American Convention, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter “the
Commission” or “the Inter-American Commission”) submitted an application to the Court
against the State of Colombia (hereinafter “the State” or “Colombia”). This application
originated in petition No. 11,995, which was submitted to the Secretariat of the Commission
on October 8, 1997 by the “José Alvear Restrepo” Legal Cooperative [Colectivo de
Abogados “José Alvear Restrepo”]1. On October 9, 2002, the Commission adopted
Admissibility Report No. 42/02, and on March 7, 2005, pursuant to Article 50 of the
Convention, it adopted its Report on the Merits No. 29/05,2 which made certain
1

On January 19, 2001, the Center for Justice and International Law (hereinafter “CEJIL”) became a copetitioner.
2
In its report on merits, the Commission concluded that the State was responsible for: the violation of the
right to life established in Article 4 of the American Convention to the detriment of Mariela Morales Caro, Pablo
Antonio Beltrán Palomino, Virgilio Hernández Serrano, Carlos Fernando Castillo Zapata, Luis Orlando Hernández

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