REPORT Nº 68/021
October 10, 2002


On September 13, 2001, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
(hereinafter “the Commission”) received a complaint lodged by Dr. Francisco López
Bermúdez, the director of the Andean Democratic Audit, an Ecuadorian nongovernmental
organization, on behalf of Vicente Anibal Grijalva Bueno, (hereinafter “the petitioner”), against
the Republic of Ecuador (hereinafter “Ecuador” or “the State”) claiming a breach of legal due
process and the absence of judicial protection in the violation of the right to be heard by the
appropriate judge since he was being prosecuted by a military court. In addition he claimed
a violation of the right to judicial protection due to the Ecuadorian Government’s failure to
abide by a resolution handed down by the Court of Constitutional Guarantees. The petitioner
claims violations of Articles 8 (right to a fair trial) and 25 (judicial protection) of the American
Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter “the American Convention”), all in breach of the
obligations set forth in Article 1(1) thereof.
According to the petition, during the administration of President León FebresCordero (1984-88), a series of human rights abuses were committed. In August 1991, Capt.
Grijalva, Security Chief of the First Naval Zone, was apprised of these facts by, inter alia,
Balter Prías, an agent of the Naval Intelligence Service. Capt. Grijalva immediately reported
this information to his superiors. At that moment a clear and persistent campaign of
persecution was launched against him; he was even charged with a series of crimes that he
did not commit, which ultimately led to his dismissal and his conviction by military courts.
The petition maintains that this violated Mr. Grijalva’s right to due process and judicial
protection, as set forth in Articles 8 and 25 of the American Convention.
Consequently, since the petition meets the requirements set in Articles 46 and
47 of the American Convention, the Commission decides to declare this case admissible, to
notify the parties of that decision, and to continue with an analysis of the merits with respect
to the alleged violations of Articles 8, 25, and 1(1) of the American Convention. At the same
time, it decides to publish this report.


On November 19, 2001, the Commission began processing this petition as Nº
P-649/01 and transmitted the relevant parts to the Ecuadorian State, with a two-month
deadline for it to submit information.
On April 30, 2002, the Commission received the State’s response to the
petition. This response was forwarded to the petitioner on May 17, 2002, with a request for
him to submit his comments within a period of 30 days. On June 18, 2002, the Commission
received the petitioner’s comments on the State’s response. On July 2, 2002, the comments
were transmitted to the State, along with a request for any additional information to be
1Dr. Julio Prado Vallejo, an Ecuadorian national, did not participate in this case in compliance with Article 17 of the
Commission’s Rules of Procedure.

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