CASE OF THE PACHECO TINEO FAMILY v. BOLIVIA
Table of contents
I. INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE AND PURPOSE OF THE DISPUTE ....................................... 4
II. PROCEEDINGS BEFORE THE COURT ............................................................................... 5
III. COMPETENCE .............................................................................................................. 8
IV. PRELIMINARY OBJECTIONS ......................................................................................... 8
A. REQUEST TO EXCLUDE FACTS AND ALLEGED VIOLATIONS PRESENTED BY THE REPRESENTATIVES ............. 9
B. ALLEGED FAILURE TO EXHAUST DOMESTIC REMEDIES ............................................................... 11
C. “COMPETENCE RATIONE LOCI”........................................................................................... 12
D. “COMPETENCE RATIONE MATERIAE” .................................................................................... 13
E. LEGALITY IN THE EXERCISE OF THE ATTRIBUTES OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION .................. 14
V. EVIDENCE.................................................................................................................... 15
A. DOCUMENTARY, TESTIMONIAL AND EXPERT EVIDENCE .............................................................. 15
B. ADMISSION OF DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE ............................................................................. 16
C. ADMISSION OF THE STATEMENTS OF THE PRESUMED VICTIMS, WITNESS, AND EXPERT WITNESSES........ 20
VI. FACTS ........................................................................................................................ 21
A. THE PACHECO TINEO FAMILY ............................................................................................ 21
B. BACKGROUND INFORMATION: ENTRY INTO BOLIVIA IN 1995, GRANTING OF REFUGEE STATUS IN 1996,
AND RESIDENCE IN BOLIVIA UNTIL MARCH 1998 ....................................................................... 21
C. FACTS THAT OCCURRED BETWEEN FEBRUARY 19 AND 24, 2001. SECOND ENTRY OF THE PACHECO TINEO
FAMILY INTO BOLIVIA. NEW APPLICATION FOR REFUGEE STATUS IN BOLIVIA. DEPORTATION TO PERU ..... 24
D. FACTS SUBSEQUENT TO THE DEPORTATION OF THE PACHECO TINEO FAMILY FROM BOLIVIA................ 36
VII. MERITS .................................................................................................................... 37
VII-1. RIGHTS TO JUDICIAL GUARANTEES AND TO JUDICIAL PROTECTION IN RELATION
TO FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT AND RESIDENCE IN CASES OF THE DEPORTATION OF
MIGRANTS AND REQUESTS FOR REFUGEE STATUS ........................................................... 38
A. ARGUMENTS OF THE COMMISSION AND OF THE PARTIES ........................................................... 38
A.1. ARGUMENTS OF THE COMMISSION .................................................................................. 38
A.2
ARGUMENTS OF THE REPRESENTATIVES ............................................................................ 39
A.3
ARGUMENTS OF THE STATE .......................................................................................... 40
B. CONSIDERATIONS OF THE COURT ....................................................................................... 41
B.1.
THE MINIMUM GUARANTEES OF DUE PROCESS IN MIGRATORY PROCEEDINGS THAT MAY CULMINATE IN THE
EXPULSION OR DEPORTATION OF AN ALIEN AND THE PRINCIPLE OF NON-REFOULEMENT ................................ 41
B.2.
THE MINIMUM GUARANTEES OF DUE PROCESS IN PROCEEDINGS TO DETERMINE REFUGEE STATUS AND THE
PRINCIPLE OF NON-REFOULEMENT ............................................................................................ 44
B.3.
LEGAL CLASSIFICATION OF THE FACTS OF THIS CASE ............................................................. 54
B.4. TIME-BARRED ALLEGATION OF THE VIOLATION OF ARTICLE 22(9) OF THE CONVENTION ..................... 63
B.5. CONCLUSION .......................................................................................................... 63
VII-2. RIGHT TO PERSONAL INTEGRITY (ARTICLE 5 OF THE AMERICAN CONVENTION) .. 63
A. ARGUMENTS OF THE COMMISSION AND OF THE PARTIES ........................................................... 63
B. CONSIDERATIONS OF THE COURT ....................................................................................... 64
VII-3. THE SPECIAL OBLIGATION OF PROTECTION FOR CHILDREN IN RELATION TO THE
RIGHTS TO THE PROTECTION OF THE FAMILY, TO JUDICIAL GUARANTEES AND TO
JUDICIAL PROTECTION ................................................................................................... 66
A. ARGUMENTS OF THE COMMISSION AND OF THE PARTIES ........................................................... 66
B. CONSIDERATIONS OF THE COURT ....................................................................................... 68
VII-4. OBLIGATION TO ADOPT PROVISIONS OF DOMESTIC LAW AND PRINCIPLE OF
LEGALITY AND NON-RETROACTIVITY (ARTICLES 2 AND 9 OF THE AMERICAN
CONVENTION) ................................................................................................................. 71
A. ARGUMENTS OF THE PARTIES............................................................................................. 71
B. CONSIDERATIONS OF THE COURT ....................................................................................... 72
VIII. REPARATIONS (APPLICATION OF ARTICLE 63(1) OF THE AMERICAN CONVENTION) .... 73

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