REPORT No. 376/20 CASE 12.902 REPORT ON MERITS December 15, 2020 JORGE LUIS LÓPEZ SOSA PARAGUAY I. INTRODUCTION 1. On December 11, 2000, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter the “Inter-American Commission," "Commission," or "IACHR") received a petition filed by Mr. Jorge Luis López Sosa (hereinafter "the petitioner" or "the alleged victim") which alleges that the Republic of Paraguay (hereinafter "the Paraguayan State," "the State," or "Paraguay") bore international responsibility for violation of his rights to humane treatment and personal liberty, and that, to date, the proceeding instituted for the acts that affected him remains unfinished. 2. The Commission adopted Report on Admissibility No. 27/13 on March 20, 2013. 1 On April 1, 2013, the Commission notified the parties of that report and placed itself at their disposal with a view to reaching a friendly settlement; however, the conditions for said procedure to be initiated never materialized. The parties were afforded the regulation time limits to present additional observations as to merits. All information received was duly relayed between the parties. II. SUBMISSIONS OF THE PARTIES A. The Petitioner 3. The petitioner and alleged victim, Mr. Jorge Luis López Sosa, who at the time of the events was a police officer, claims that he was tortured in order to implicate other persons in the failed coup d'état of May 2000, in which he says he played no part whatsoever. He alleges that the torture was inflicted by police officers under the orders of the then-Minister of Interior. At the time he submitted the petition to the IACHR, the petitioner said that he was detained at the National Police Special Forces Headquarters, where he claims to have been pressured to reach a financial arrangement with his torturers in exchange for withdrawing his complaint, and that he was prevented from presenting a criminal complaint for fear of reprisals. He also said that his wife was in intensive care for a medical condition and he was not allowed to care for her. 4. He claims that on May 19, 2000, he was informed by the Chief of the Ecological and Rural Protection Group that he was to report to 11th Metropolitan Police Precinct (Comisaría 11 Metropolitana), where he was taken by police personnel. Once there, he was taken to the Commissioner's office, where he was relieved of his service weapon and handcuffed with his hands behind him for about 75 hours. In that state, an officer tore off his shirt, blindfolded him with a folded sheet of paper and packing tape, and placed him on the floor face down next to another person, who was in the same condition; he then interrogated about his whereabouts the previous night, during which he was beaten on the soles of his feet on several occasions. At one point, one of the officers stood on him and pulled his arms upward, causing intense pain in the joints of both shoulders. 5. The petitioner says he that he was moved to other state facilities, including "el cuadrilátero.” He says that on May 20 he was taken back to the 11th Precinct, where he was kept handcuffed with his hands behind him in a cell that was bare except for a piece of mattress, and that he was only handcuffed with his hands in front of him when he was brought food or he needed to wash or go to the bathroom. He says that on May 21, the thenIACHR, Report No. 27/13, Petition 164-01, Admissibility, Jorge Luis López Sosa, Paraguay, March 20, 2013. The Commission declared the petition admissible in regards to the rights enshrined in Articles 5, 7, 8, and 25 of the American Convention, in connection with the obligations contained in Articles 1(1) and 2 of the same treaty; as well as to the rights enshrined in Articles 1, 6, and 8 of the Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture. 1 1

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