Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Case of Velásquez-Rodríguez v. Honduras
Judgment of July 29, 1988

In the Velásquez Rodríguez case,
The Inter-American Court of Human Rights, composed of the following judges:
Rafael Nieto-Navia, President
Héctor Gros Espiell, Vice President
Rodolfo E. Piza E., Judge
Thomas Buergenthal, Judge
Pedro Nikken, Judge
Héctor Fix-Zamudio, Judge
Rigoberto Espinal Irías, Judge ad hoc
Also present:
Charles Moyer, Secretary
Manuel Ventura, Deputy Secretary
delivers the following judgment pursuant to Article 44 (1) of its Rules of Procedure (hereinafter
"the Rules of Procedure") in the instant case submitted by the Inter-American Commission on
Human Rights against the State of Honduras.
The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter "the Commission")
submitted the instant case to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter "the Court")
on April 24, 1986. It originated in a petition (No. 7920) against the State of Honduras
(hereinafter "Honduras" or "the Government"), which the Secretariat of the Commission received
on October 7, 1981.
In submitting the case, the Commission invoked Articles 50 and 51 of the American
Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter "the Convention" or "the American Convention") and
requested that the Court determine whether the State in question had violated Articles 4 (Right to
Life), 5 (Right to Humane Treatment) and 7 (Right to Personal Liberty) of the Convention in the
case of Angel Manfredo Velásquez Rodríguez (also known as Manfredo Velásquez). In addition,
the Commission asked the Court to rule that "the consequences of the situation that constituted
the breach of such right or freedom be remedied and that fair compensation be paid to the injured
party or parties."
According to the petition filed with the Commission, and the supplementary information
received subsequently, Manfredo Velásquez, a student at the National Autonomous University of
Honduras, "was violently detained without a warrant for his arrest by members of the National
Office of Investigations (DNI) and G-2 of the Armed Forces of Honduras." The detention took

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