Inter-American Court of Human Rights Case of Maritza Urrutia v. Guatemala Judgment of November 27, 2003 (Merits, Reparations and Costs) In the Maritza Urrutia case, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Court” or “the InterAmerican Court”), composed of the following judges∗: Antônio A. Cançado Trindade, President Sergio García Ramírez, Vice President Hernán Salgado Pesantes, Judge Máximo Pacheco Gómez, Judge Alirio Abreu Burelli, Judge Carlos Vicente de Roux Rengifo, Judge, and Arturo Martínez Gálvez, Judge ad hoc; also present∗∗, Manuel E. Ventura Robles, Secretary; in accordance with Articles 29, 55, 56 and 57 of the Rules of Procedure of the Court (hereinafter “the Rules of Procedure”) and with Article 63(1) of the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Convention or “the American Convention”), delivers this judgment. I INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE 1. On January 9, 2002, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Commission” or “the Inter-American Commission”) submitted to the Court an application against the State of Guatemala (hereinafter “the State” or “Guatemala”), resulting from petition No. 11,043, received by the Secretariat of the Commission on July 28, 1992. 2. The Commission submitted the application based on Article 51 of the American Convention, so that the Court could decide whether the State had violated Articles 5 (Right to Humane Treatment), 7 (Right to Personal Liberty), 8 (Right to a Fair Trial), 13 (Freedom of Thought and Expression) and 25 (Judicial Protection), all of them in relation to Article 1(1) (Obligation to Respect Rights) of the American Convention, and Articles 1, 6 and 8 of the Inter-American Convention to Prevent and ∗ Judge Oliver Jackman abstained from taking part in the deliberation and signature of this judgment, because he had participated in several stages of the case while it was being processed by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, when he was a member of the latter. ∗∗ The Deputy Secretary, Pablo Saavedra Alessandri, excused himself from participating, because he had acted as assistant to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in this case, before occupying his current position at the Court.