TABLE OF CONTENTS I INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE AND CAUSE OF ACTION..........................................4 II PROCEEDINGS BEFORE THE COURT .....................................................................5 III JURISDICTION ...................................................................................................7 IV Preliminary Objection .........................................................................................7 A. Arguments of the parties and of the Commission .................................................................................................... 7 B. Considerations of the Court ..................................................................................................................................... 8 B.1 Admissibility of the preliminary objection regarding the cases against the municipalities of Chanco, Pelluhue and Cauquenes ......................................................................................................................................................9 B.2 Preliminary objection on the case of Benavides Montaña et al. v. the Municipality of Chañaral, Docket No. 18,629-1994 .........................................................................................................................................................10 V PRELIMINARY QUESTIONS .................................................................................11 A. Arguments by the State and observations of the Commission and the representatives........................................ 11 B. Considerations of the Court ..................................................................................................................................... 12 VI EVIDENCE .........................................................................................................12 A. Admissibility of documentary evidence .................................................................................................................. 12 B. Admissibility of evidence by witnesses and expert witnesses .................................................................................. 13 VII FACTS ..............................................................................................................14 A. Background ............................................................................................................................................................ 14 A.1. Regulatory framework ..................................................................................................................................14 A.2. Municipalization of education in Chile .........................................................................................................18 A.3. The appearance of the “historical debt” ......................................................................................................19 B. Domestic processes in favor of the alleged victims ................................................................................................ 20 B.1. Process of Benavides Montaña et al. v. the Municipality of Chañaral, Docket No. 18,629-1994 ................21 B.2. Process of Aguilar Lazcano et al. v. the Municipality of Chanco, Docket No. 221-1993 ...............................23 B.3. Process of Abarza Farías et al. v. the Municipality of Chanco, Docket No. 217-1993 ..................................24 B.4. Process of Alegría Cancino et al. v. the Municipality of Pelluhue, Docket No. 218-1993 .............................26 B.5. Process of Aravena Espinoza et al. v. the Municipality of Pelluhue, Docket No. 222-1993 .........................28 B.6. Process of Bayer Torres et al. v. the Municipality of Parral, Docket 4,247-1993 .........................................28 B.7. Process of Bustamante Sánchez et al. v. the Municipality of Parral, Docket No. 4,071-1992 ......................30 B.8. Process of Belmar Montero et al. v. the Municipality of Parral, Docket No. 4,051-1992 ............................32 B.9. Process of Salazar Aravena et al. v. the Municipality of Parral, Docket No. 4,096-1992..............................35 B.10. Process of Ramírez Ortíz et al. v. the Municipality of Vallenar, Docket 4,443-1993 ..................................37 B.11. Process of Agurto Chein Juisan et al v. the Municipality of Cauquenes, Docket No. 63-1993 ...................41 B.12 Process of Barra Henríquez et al. v. the Municipality of Cauquenes, Docket No. 123-1993 .......................42 B.13. Process of Aquilera Machuca et al. v. the Municipality of Cauquenes, Docket No. 38-1993 .....................43 B.14. Proceedings of the municipalities against the national treasury ...............................................................44 C. Situation of the alleged victims in the instant case ................................................................................................ 45 VIII MERITS ..........................................................................................................46 VIII-1 RIGHT TO JUDICIAL GUARANTEES, RIGHT TO JUDICIAL PROTECTION AND RIGHT TO PROPERTY, READ IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE OBLIGATION TO RESPECT AND GUARANTEE AND THE DUTY TO ADOPT DOMESTIC LEGAL EFFECTS 46 A. Arguments of the parties and of the Commission .................................................................................................. 46 B. Considerations of the Court ..................................................................................................................................... 48 B.1. The teachers who received a favorable judgment .......................................................................................48 B.2. Right to judicial protection ...........................................................................................................................49 B.3. Reasonable period ........................................................................................................................................59 B.4. Duty to adopt domestic legal effects with respect to the right to a reasonable period and the right to judicial protection ............................................................................................................................................................63 B.5. Right to property ..........................................................................................................................................64 B.6. Conclusion ....................................................................................................................................................65 2

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