Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Case of the Pueblo Bello Massacre v. Colombia
Judgment of January 31, 2006
(Merits, Reparations and Costs)

In the Case of the Pueblo Bello Massacre ,
the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Inter-American Court” or
“the Court”), composed of the following judges:
Sergio García Ramírez, President
Alirio Abreu Burelli, Vice President
Oliver Jackman, Judge
Antônio A. Cançado Trindade, Judge
Cecilia Medina Quiroga, Judge
Manuel E. Ventura Robles, Judge
Diego García-Sayán, Judge, and
Juan Carlos Esguerra Portocarrero, Judge ad hoc,
also present,
Pablo Saavedra Alessandri, Secretary, and
Emilia Segares Rodríguez, Deputy Secretary;
pursuant to Articles 62(3) and 63(1) of the American Convention on Human Rights
(hereinafter “the Convention” or “the American Convention”) and with Articles 29,
31, 56 and 58 of the Rules of Procedure of the Court (hereinafter “the Rules of
Procedure”), delivers the following judgment.
I
INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE
1.
On March 23, 2004, in accordance with the provisions of Articles 50 and 61 of
the American Convention, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
(hereinafter “the Commission” or “the Inter-American Commission”) filed before the
Court an application against the State of Colombia (hereinafter “the State” or
“Colombia”), originating from petitions Nos. 10,566 and 11,748, received by the
Secretariat of the Commission on February 12, 1990, and May 5, 1997, respectively.
2.
The Commission lodged the application for the Court to decide whether the
State had violated the rights embodied in Articles 4 (Right to Life), 5 (Right to
Humane Treatment), 7 (Right to Personal Liberty) and 19 (Rights of the Child) in
relation to the obligations established in Article 1(1) (Obligation to Respect Rights)
thereof, to the detriment of the purported victims of the alleged massacre
perpetrated in the village of Pueblo Bello, described in the application. The
Commission also asked the Court to decide whether the State had violated Articles
8(1) (Right to a Fair Trial) and 25 (Judicial Protection) of the American Convention,

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