Table of contents
I INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE AND PURPOSE OF THE DISPUTE ........................... 3
II PROCEEDINGS BEFORE THE COURT .................................................................... 4
III PRELIMINARY OBJECTIONS .............................................................................. 7
A. The “preliminary objections” presented by the State challenging some
judges and the Secretary of the Court, and rejecting the recusal presented by
Judge Eduardo Vio Grossi .................................................................................... 7
B. The preliminary objection of failure to exhaust domestic remedies .............. 8
B.1. Arguments of the State, the Commission, and the representative ..................... 8
B.2. Determination of the pertinent facts to decide the preliminary objection on the
failure to exhaust domestic remedies .................................................................... 13
B.2.1. Background ........................................................................................... 13
B.2.1.1. From the end of 2001 to April 2002............................................14
B.2.1.2. April 11, 12 and 13, 2002 ......................................................... 14
B.2.1.3. Reactions to the events of April 11, 12 and 13, 2002 ...................16
B.2.2. Facts relating to the criminal proceedings ................................................. 16
B.2.2.1. Investigation of Pedro Carmona and the events of April 11, 12 and 13,
2002
............................................................................................. 16
B.2.2.2. Accusation against Mr. Brewer Carías at the investigation stage ....18
B.2.2.3. Indictment of Mr. Brewer Carías ................................................20
B.2.2.4. The preventive detention order ..................................................23
B.2.2.5. Continuation of the proceedings after the preventive detention order25
B.3. Considerations of the Court ........................................................................ 26
B.3.1. Presentation of the objection at the proper procedural stage ....................... 26
B.3.2. Presentation of appropriate and effective remedies to exhaust the domestic
jurisdiction ...................................................................................................... 27
B.3.3 Exceptions to prior exhaustion of domestic remedies (Article 46(2) of the
American Convention) ...................................................................................... 33
B.3.3.1 The domestic legislation of the State does not afford due process of law for
the protection of the right or rights that have allegedly been violated (Article 46(2)(a)
.............................................................................................. 34
B.3.3.2. The party alleging violation of his rights has been denied access to the
remedies under domestic law or has been prevented from exhausting (Article 46(2)(b)
............................................................................................. 35
B.3.3.3. There has been unwarranted delay in rendering a final judgment under the
aforementioned remedies (Article 46(2)(c) .................................................38
B.3.3.3.1. Time frame and procedural stage established in domestic law for
deciding requests for annulment ........................................................... 39
B.3.3.3.2. Need for the presence of the accused at the preliminary hearing and
reasons why the hearing was postponed ................................................43
B.3.4. Conclusion concerning the preliminary objection of failure to exhaust domestic
remedies ........................................................................................................ 46
IV OPERATIVE PARAGRAPHS ............................................................................... 46

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