Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Case of Reverón Trujillo v. Venezuela
Judgment of June 30, 2009
(Preliminary Objection, Merits, Reparations, and Costs)

In the case of Reverón Trujillo,
the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Inter-American Court”,
“the Court”, or “the Tribunal”), made up by the following judges:1
Cecilia Medina Quiroga, President;
Sergio García Ramírez, Judge;
Manuel E. Ventura Robles, Judge;
Leonardo A. Franco, Judge;
Margarette May Macaulay, Judge;
Rhadys Abreu Blondet, Judge, and
Einer Elías Biel Morales, Judge ad hoc,
also, present,
Pablo Saavedra Alessandri, Secretary, and
Emilia Segares Rodríguez, Deputy Secretary,
pursuant with Articles 62(3) and 63(1) of the American Convention of Human Rights
(hereinafter “the Convention” or “the American Convention”) and with Articles 29,
31, 37(6), 56, and 58 of the Rules of Procedure of the Court2 (hereinafter “the Rules
On May 9, 2008 Judge Diego García Sayán, of Peruvian nationality, asked the President to accept
his self-disqualification from participating in the present case because he is a member of a nongovernmental entity of which Mr. Ayala Corao, one of the representatives of the alleged victim, is part. He
also informed that “[even] though he has never referred to matter or subjects related to this case with
Doctor Ayala Corao, and that [his] absolute independence and impartiality to hear the same is not
affected at all,” this step would be “healthy in order to guarantee that the perception of the parties and
third parties regarding the complete independence and impartiality of the Tribunal not be affected.” The
President considered that it could not be concluded that Judge García Sayán “had participated in any way
whatsoever in the present case or that he publicly or privately stated his point of view regarding the
litigation in course, its causes, statements, and possible solutions, or with regard to those who act in it as
parties.” However, in consultation with the other Judges and pursuant with Article 19 of the Statutes and
19 of the Rules of Procedure, it considered it reasonable to accept the position of Judge García Sayán and
therefore accepted his excuse. The excuse of Judge García Sayán and the President’s decision were
notified to the parties on May 12, 2008.

On may 9, 2008 the Court issued an Order in which it stated that Mr. Emilio Ramos González, appointed
as judge ad hoc by the State, was prevented from participating in the present case. In said Order the
State was granted a period of time to appoint a new judge ad hoc. On June 30, 2008, after an extension,
the State appointed Mr. Einer Elías Biel Morales in that position.

Pursuant with the stipulations of Article 72(2) of the Rules of Procedure that went into force on March
24, 2009, “[c]ases pending resolution shall be processed according to the provisions of these Rules of
Procedure, except for those cases in which a hearing has already been convened upon the entry into force of
these Rules of Procedure; such cases shall be governed by the provisions of the previous Rules of Procedure.”
Thus, the Rules of Procedure of the Court mentioned in the present Judgment correspond to the instrument

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