Inter-American Court of Human Rights

Case of Neira-Alegría et al. v. Peru

Judgment of January 19, 1995
(Merits)

In the case of Neira Alegría et al.,
The Inter-American Court of Human Rights, composed of the following judges:
Héctor Fix-Zamudio, President
Hernán Salgado-Pesantes, Vice President
Rafael Nieto-Navia, Judge
Alejandro Montiel-Argüello, Judge
Máximo Pacheco-Gómez, Judge
also present:
Manuel E. Ventura-Robles, Secretary and
Ana María Reina, Deputy Secretary
delivers, pursuant to Article 44(1) of the Rules of Procedure of the Inter-American Court of
Human Rights in force for matters submitted to it prior to July 31, 1991 (hereinafter "the Rules of
Procedure"), the following judgment on the present case.
I
1.
On October 10, 1990, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter "the
Commission" or "the Inter-American Commission") submitted a case against the State of Peru
(hereinafter "the Government," or "Peru"), which originated in petition Nº 10.078.
2.
The Commission invoked Articles 51 and 61 of the American Convention on Human Rights
(hereinafter "the Convention," or the "American Convention") and Article 50 of the Commission's
Rules of Procedure. The Commission submitted this case in order for the Court to determine
whether the State involved had violated Articles 1 (Obligation to Respect Rights), 2 (Domestic
Legal Effects), 4 (Right to Life), 7 (Right to Personal Liberty), 8 (Right to a Fair Trial), and 25
(Right to Judicial Protection) of the Convention, to the detriment of Víctor Neira-Alegría, Edgar
Zenteno-Escobar, and William Zenteno-Escobar. The Commission asked that the Court "decide

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