Inter-American Court of Human Rights Case of Cantoral-Huamaní and García-Santa Cruz v. Peru Judgment of July 10, 2007 (Preliminary Objection, Merits, Reparations and Costs) In the case of Cantoral-Huamaní and García-Santa Cruz, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Inter-American Court” or “the Court”), composed of the following judges:1 Sergio García Ramírez, President Cecilia Medina Quiroga, Vice President Manuel E. Ventura Robles, Judge Leonardo A. Franco, Judge Margarette May Macaulay, Judge, and Rhadys Abreu Blondet, Judge; also present, Pablo Saavedra Alessandri, Secretary, and Emilia Segares Rodríguez, Deputy Secretary; pursuant to Articles 62(3) and 63(1) of the American Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter “the American Convention” or “the Convention”) and Articles 29, 31, 53(2), 56 and 58 of the Rules of Procedure of the Court (hereinafter “the Rules of Procedure”), delivers this Judgment. I INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE AND MATTER IN DISPUTE 1. On February 21, 2006, in accordance with the provisions of Articles 50 and 61 of the American Convention, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Commission” or “the Inter-American Commission”) lodged before the Court an application against the State of Peru (hereinafter “the State” or “Peru”). This application originated from petition No. 10,435, submitted to the Secretariat of the Commission on May 9, 1989, by Ester Hinostrosa, on behalf of the Filomena Tomaira Pacsi organization. On October 15, 2005, pursuant to Article 50 of the Convention, the Commission approved Report on 1 Judge Diego García-Sayán excused himself from hearing this case “in the terms of Article 19 of the Statute and Article 19 of the Rules of Procedure.” The President of the Court, in consultation with the judges of Court, decided to accept this excuse, based on the provisions of these articles and the examination of the reasons given by Judge García-Sayán.