August 5, 2014

Case No. 12,788
Members of the Village of Chichupac and Neighboring Communities of the Municipality of Rabinal

Mr. Secretary:
It is my pleasure to address you on behalf of the Inter-American Commission on Human rights for the
purpose of submitting Case 12,788 – Members of the Village of Chichupac and Neighboring Communities of the
Municipality of Rabinal with respect to the Republic of Guatemala (hereinafter “the State,” “the Guatemalan State,” or
“Guatemala”), to the jurisdiction of the Honorable Inter-American Court of Human Rights.
This case involves a series of massacres, extrajudicial executions, tortures, forced disappearances, and rape
against the members of the village of Chichupac and neighboring communities of the municipality of Rabinal, in the
context of operations by the Army and collaborators during the internal armed conflict in Guatemala. On January 8,
1982, 32 persons were tortured and massacred. From 1981 to 1986, 39 persons were tortured and extrajudicially
executed in the context of several operations. All these persons were civilians and were defenseless when they were
detained, tortured, and executed. Moreover, eight persons were disappeared on August 24, 1981, January 8, 18, and
31, and February 12, 1982, and December 13, 1984. All these persons were last seen under the custody of state
agents, and their whereabouts remain unknown to this day. In addition, on January 8, 1982, and November 22, 1982,
two women were raped, and from October 1982 to June 1985 another woman was the victim of multiple rapes. This
last person was also a victim of forced labor in the “Chichupac model village” under orders of members of the National
Army. The Commission also found that the survivors of the village of Chichupac and neighboring communities were
victims of forced displacement. Related to this series of violations, the Commission also found, in the case, violations
were committed of the right to honor and dignity, the freedom of conscience and religion, the freedom of association,
the right to property, and political rights.
The facts of the instant case are part of a state strategy aimed at destroying an ethnic group through military
operations that resulted in the massacre of thousands of members of the Maya indigenous people, the flight of the
survivors, the destruction of their subsistence economies, and, finally, the intentional subjection of thousands of Maya
indigenous persons to conditions of existence that meant they were dependent on the military structure. In summary,
the Commission considered that the facts of the case constituted part of the genocide against the Maya indigenous
people in Guatemala. More than three decades after the events, and more than two decades after the first report was
received, the facts remain in the most absolute impunity.
Mr. Pablo Saavedra Alessandri, Secretary
Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Apartado 6906-1000
San José, Costa Rica

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