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Table of contents

I. INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE AND PURPOSE OF THE DISPUTE............................. 4
II. PROCEEDINGS BEFORE the court ........................................................................ 5
III. JURISDICTION ................................................................................................... 7
IV. PRELIMINARY OBJECTIONS ................................................................................ 7
A) The objection of the Court’s lack of jurisdiction to protect legal entities ..................... 7
A.1. Arguments of the Commission and of the parties ................................................ 7
A.2. Considerations of the Court .............................................................................. 8
B) Objection of failure to exhaust domestic remedies ................................................ 10
B.1. Arguments of the Commission and of the parties .............................................. 10
B.2. Considerations of the Court ............................................................................ 11
V. EVIDENCE........................................................................................................... 12
A) Documentary, testimonial and expert evidence .................................................... 12
B) Admission of the evidence ................................................................................. 12
B.1 Admission of the documentary evidence ........................................................... 12
B.2 Admission of the testimonial and expert evidence .............................................. 14
C) Assessment of the evidence ............................................................................... 14
VI. FACTS ............................................................................................................... 15
A) Background and context .................................................................................... 15
A.1. Determination of the context of the facts of the case ......................................... 15
a) Social mobilization and the April 2002 coup ..................................................16
A.2. Radio Caracas Televisión RCTV, C.A., its shareholders, executives and journalists . 20
A.3. The concession granted to RCTV and the legal framework ................................. 25
B) The decision not to renew the RCTV concession and termination of the transmission ... 26
B.1 The declarations of State officials prior to the decision not to renew the RCTV
concession .......................................................................................................... 26
B.2 The decision not to renew the RCTV concession and the procedure....................... 33
B.3 The decision of the Supreme Court of Justice to transfer the right of use of RCTV assets
......................................................................................................................... 35
C) Remedies under domestic law filed before and after RCTV’s closure ........................ 37
C.1 Applications for constitutional amparo .............................................................. 37
C.2 Administrative remedy seeking nullification ....................................................... 39
C.3 Objection to the interim measures issued during the processing of the action on joint
and separate interests and the constitutional amparo ............................................... 40
C.4 Criminal complaints ........................................................................................ 40
VII. RIGHTS TO FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION AND TO EQUALITY .............................. 41
A) Alleged violation of freedom of expression ........................................................... 41
A.1. Arguments of the parties and of the Commission .............................................. 41
A.2. Considerations of the Court ............................................................................ 45
B) Alleged discrimination against RCTV ...................................................................... 67
B.1. Arguments of the Commission and of the parties .............................................. 67
B.2. Considerations of the Court ............................................................................ 69
VIII. JUDICIAL GUARANTEES AND JUDICIAL PROTECTION .................................... 74
A) Alleged violations of Article 8 of the Convention – judicial guarantees ........................ 74
A.1. Administrative procedures for transformation of the titles and renewal of the
concession .......................................................................................................... 74
A.2. Administrative remedy seeking nullification with applications for an injunction and
unspecified interim measure ................................................................................. 78
A.3. Criminal proceedings ..................................................................................... 84
A.4. Judicial proceedings on the seizure of assets .................................................... 86
B) Alleged violation of Article 25 of the Convention – judicial protection ......................... 89
B.1. Application for constitutional amparo ............................................................... 89
B.2. Injunction request ......................................................................................... 92

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