TABLE OF CONTENTS
I INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE AND PURPOSE OF THE DISPUTE ............................................ 4
II PROCEEDINGS BEFORE THE COURT ..................................................................................... 5
III JURISDICTION................................................................................................................... 7
IV PRELIMINARY OBJECTIONS................................................................................................ 7
A.

ALLEGED LACK OF JURISDICTION RATIONE TEMPORIS IN RELATION TO FACTS PRIOR TO THE DATE OF RECOGNITION OF
COURT’S JURISDICTION ............................................................................................................ 8
A.1.
Arguments of the parties and of the Commission .......................................................... 8
A.2
Considerations of the Court ........................................................................................ 9
B. ALLEGED FAILURE TO EXHAUST DOMESTIC REMEDIES ......................................................................... 9
B.1.
Arguments of the parties and of the Commission .......................................................... 9
B.2
Considerations of the Court ...................................................................................... 11
THE

V PRIOR CONSIDERATION .................................................................................................... 13
A.
B.

ARGUMENTS OF THE PARTIES AND OF THE COMMISSION .................................................................... 13
CONSIDERATIONS OF THE COURT ............................................................................................. 13

VI EVIDENCE ......................................................................................................................... 14
A.
B.

ADMISSIBILITY OF THE DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE ........................................................................... 14
ADMISSIBILITY OF THE TESTIMONIAL AND EXPERT EVIDENCE ............................................................... 14

VII FACTS ............................................................................................................................. 15
A.
B.
C.
D.

THE CONTEXT OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN BRAZIL ................................................................... 15
THE RELEVANT REGULATORY FRAMEWORK .................................................................................... 19
THE MURDER OF MÁRCIA BARBOSA DE SOUZA .............................................................................. 21
DOMESTIC PROCEEDINGS ...................................................................................................... 23
D.1 Investigations conducted by the Attorney General’s Office of the state of Paraíba regarding
Aércio Pereira de Lima ................................................................................................. 24
D.2 Investigations conducted by the Civil Police regarding D.D.P.M., M.D.M., L.B.S. and A.G.A.M.
................................................................................................................................ 26

VIII MERITS .......................................................................................................................... 27
VIII-1 RIGHTS TO JUDICIAL GUARANTEES, EQUALITY BEFORE THE LAW AND JUDICIAL
PROTECTION, IN RELATION TO THE OBLIGATIONS OF RESPECT AND GUARANTEE, THE DUTY
TO ADOPT PROVISIONS OF DOMESTIC LAW AND THE OBLIGATIONS ESTABLISHED IN ARTICLE
7 OF THE BELÉM DO PARÁ CONVENTION .............................................................................. 28
A. ARGUMENTS OF THE PARTIES AND OF THE COMMISSION .................................................................... 28
B. CONSIDERATIONS OF THE COURT ............................................................................................. 30
B.1 The alleged inappropriate application of parliamentary immunity .................................... 30
a. Concept and rules on parliamentary immunity ......................................................... 30
b. The application of procedural parliamentary immunity to the criminal proceedings for the
homicide of Márcia Barbosa de Souza .......................................................................... 34
B.2 The alleged lack of due diligence in the investigation of the other suspects ...................... 38
B.3 The alleged violation of the guarantee of reasonable time .............................................. 40
B.4 The alleged use of gender stereotypes in the investigations ........................................... 41
B.5 Conclusion ............................................................................................................... 44
VIII-2 RIGHT TO PERSONAL INTEGRITY OF MÁRCIA BARBOSA DE SOUZA´S NEXT OF KIN
........................................................................................................................................... 45
A.
B.

ARGUMENTS OF THE PARTIES AND OF THE COMMISSION .................................................................... 45
CONSIDERATIONS OF THE COURT ............................................................................................. 45

IX REPARATIONS .................................................................................................................. 47
A.

INJURED PARTY ................................................................................................................. 48

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