Inter-American Court of Human Rights

Case of “The Last Temptation of Christ” (Olmedo-Bustos et al.) v. Chile

Judgment of February 5, 2001
(Merits, Reparations and Costs)

In the “Last Temptation of Christ” (Olmedo Bustos et al.) case,
the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the Court” or “the InterAmerican Court”), composed of the following judges:
Antônio A. Cançado Trindade, President
Máximo Pacheco Gómez, Vice President
Hernán Salgado Pesantes, Judge
Oliver Jackman, Judge
Alirio Abreu Burelli, Judge
Sergio García Ramírez, Judge and
Carlos Vicente de Roux Rengifo, Judge;
also present,
Manuel E. Ventura Robles, Secretary and
Renzo Pomi, Deputy Secretary
pursuant to Articles 29 and 55 of the Rules of Procedure of the Court (hereinafter
“the Rules of Procedure”), delivers the following judgment in this case.
I
INTRODUCTION OF THE CASE
1.
On January 15, 1999, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
(hereinafter “the Commission” or “the Inter-American Commission”) submitted to the
Court an application against the Republic of Chile (hereinafter “the State” or “Chile”),
arising from a petition (No. 11,803), received by the Secretariat of the Commission
on September 3, 1997. The Commission invoked Articles 50 and 51 of the American
Convention on Human Rights (hereinafter “the Convention” or “the American
Convention”) and Articles 32 ff. of the Rules of Procedure in its application. The
Commission filed this case for the Court to decide whether Chile had violated Articles
13 (Freedom of Thought and Expression) and 12 (Freedom of Conscience and
Religion) of the Convention. The Commission also requested the Court to declare
that, as a result of the alleged violations of the said articles, Chile had failed to fulfill
Articles 1(1) (Obligation to Respect Rights) and 2 (Domestic Legal Effects) of the
Convention.
2.
According to the petition, the said violations were committed to the detriment
of Chilean society and, in particular, Juan Pablo Olmedo Bustos, Ciro Colombara
López, Claudio Márquez Vidal, Alex Muñoz Wilson, Matías Insunza Tagle and Hernán

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