ORDER OF THE
INTER-AMERICAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS
OF NOVEMBER 22, 2011
CASE OF BLANCO ROMERO ET AL. v. VENEZUELA
MONITORING COMPLIANCE WITH JUDGMENT

HAVING SEEN:
1.
The judgment on merits, reparations, and costs (hereinafter “the judgment”)
handed down by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (hereinafter “the InterAmerican Court,” or “the Court”) on November 28, 2005.
2.
The order on monitoring compliance with the judgment issued by the Court on
July 7, 2009, in which it declared, inter alia:
[…]
2. That […] the following obligations are pending compliance:
a)
To investigate and to conduct impartial and effective judicial proceedings in relation to
the three forced disappearances that occurred in this case, which lead to clarifying the truth
of the facts and the punishment of those responsible (sixth operative paragraph of the
judgment);
b)
To adopt the necessary measures to establish the whereabouts of Oscar José Blanco
Romero, Roberto Javier Hernández Paz and José Francisco Rivas Fernández as soon as
possible. Should they be found dead, the said measures must to be addressed at returning
their remains to their next of kin for burial as the latter deem appropriate. In this case, the
State must provide the necessary conditions to transfer the remains to the place determined
by their next of kin, and give them decent burial at no cost to the said next of kin (seventh
operative paragraph of the judgment);
c)
To publish, once, within six months of notification of this judgment, in the Official
Gazette and in another national newspaper, the chapter of the judgment on Proven Facts,
without the footnotes, paragraphs 54 to 65 of the section of the judgment entitled Merits,
and the operative paragraphs (eighth operative paragraph of the judgment);
d)
To adopt, in accordance with Articles 7(6), 25 and 2 of the American Convention on
Human Rights, the legislative or any other measures that may be required to ensure that
applications for habeas corpus can be implemented effectively in Venezuela in situations of
forced disappearance (ninth operative paragraph of the judgment)
e)
To adopt, within a reasonable time, the necessary measures to amend its criminal laws
to make them compatible with international standards for the protection of the individual in
relation to the forced disappearance of persons (tenth operative paragraph of the
judgment);
f)
To include, as part of the education and training courses for the members of the
Armed Forced and of the Intelligence and Prevention Services Sectoral General Directorate,
a program on the principles and norms for the protection of human rights, particularly the
prohibition of forced disappearance, torture and the disproportionate use of force, taking
into consideration the case law of the inter-American system for the protection of human
rights, as a way of preventing the recurrence of events such as those of the instant case
(eleventh operative paragraph of the judgment);
g)
To pay to the next of kin of Oscar José Blanco Romero, Roberto Javier Hernández Paz
and José Francisco Rivas Fernández, within one year, the amounts established in paragraphs

Select target paragraph3